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Alexander’syoung Life

AlexanderIII was a king of the Ancient Greek Kingdom of Macedon and was mostlyknown as Alexander the great. Alexander the great was inspired in theareas of philosophy and scientific investigations by Aristotle whowas his teacher. In his early life Alexander watched Macedonia beingtransformed into a great empire by his father. He inherited thekingdom of Macedon at the age of 20 succeeding his father, thevolatile kingdom at the time controlled Greece.

Alexanderacquired fighting skills at a young age and underwent hardships forinstance he was forced into marches. He also developed interests inreading and in music which led to his much known diplomatic skills inhandling the conquered regions which were very populous and rich likePersia. Alexander was bright and this was enhanced by his teachingsfrom his tutor Aristotle. It is from this that he was able toassimilate his peoples cultures into people who were not his own veryeasily. The Greek culture became widespread due to his influence inthe region which he did without much effort. Alexander’s greatnesscan also be credited to his father who laid a strong foundation forhim before his death.

Invasionof Persia

Alexanderthe great was also seen as a military genius He was first recognizedat Greeks defeat of the city states at the battle of Charonea, thisled to the united Greek city states. He took keen interests byobserving what was going on around and always carried scientists toanalyze situations. After this battle is when the bigger plan ofconquering the Persian Empire was scheduled to mature. Though thePersian army had blocked the direct route to the city, against allthe overwhelming odds, the witty Alexander took selected troops forthe mission which was a success by first occupying the coastalcities. His greatest battle was at Gaugamela where he became theGreat King of Persia.

Alexanderthe great is mostly known for his bravery and good leadership as heis known for changing the nature of the ancient world in less than adecade. He was called the great after his death by historians due tohis talent as a military leader and his benevolent nature. Alexanderdefeated the Persians after three years of warfare and battles whichwas less than a decade after taking over the Kingdom he also subduedEgypt and extended to Iran. After he conquered Egypt, he named thecity after himself which became a cosmopolitan, center of trade andarts. His defeat of the Persians removed a blockage that had beenpreventing the spread of the kingdom to the East. This is seen ashis greatest historical achievement as the Mesopotamia upfront becamepart of the Greek world.

Alexanderwas seen as an idealist who is philanthropic due to his bid to tryand create unity among the mankind. He called it the fusion of racespolicy in which he strived to incorporate the Orientals and thePersians in his armies and administration. This way he was able tospread his Kingdom from Greece to India. He was kind to the peoplehe had conquered and encouraged intermarriages between the Greeks andhis people. Alexander supported learning and education developmentsby spreading the teachings of great scholars like Plato and Socratesas well as his tutor Aristotle to the later generations. The scholarswere passed as great minds of antiquity. Alexander is also creditedfor the spread of the Greek culture which led to the formation of theHellenistic Kingdoms. In this regard he was seen as god by manyespecially the contemporary historians.

Invasionof India

Thereare other instances that make Alexander great, for instance in timesof conquering regions, he marched with the troops to go to lands thatwere unseen and unknown by the Greeks. He also accompanied his armybravely in climbing the Hindu Kush Mountains during winter to marchto India. By this he was branded as great because any other man wouldhave turned back but instead he marched on the steep edges.Additionally, he heroically led the charge in striking the formidableelephants in the Indian armies.

Alexanderthe great was also seen as a military genius when he rose power, heimproved the Kingdoms army by adding allied forces. He also madeefforts in using weapons specialists and employed corps engineers. Bythis he strengthened his army alexander movements were characterizedby intelligence, logistical decisions and his flawless communicationoperations. He was keen in his battle and warfare settings. Forinstance he spent two years securing the Asian coastal areas beforehe decided to attack Mesopotamia and plateau of Iran. This way hemade sure that the Naval forces of Persia would not prohibit hispaths to Europe.

Criticismof Alexander III

Alexander’sconquests created a legacy that would be followed by the otherleaders he was seen as great leader and explorer. However,Alexander’s greatness is also questioned to some extent. Somehistorians argue that though he won many battles and conquered manyregions Alexander concentrated more on war fares rather thanconsolidating the territories. He did not give much keen to longterm administration, instead he was responsible for thousands ofdeaths, both from his own people and also from the natives thishappened during his battles.

Theycriticize further by concluding that he even endangered his own lifeduring the invasions. It is such happenings that many otherhistorians question his greatness. Despite his great victory overPersia, Persians in the world today characterize Alexander asreckless, destroyer and somewhat feckless because he caused a lot ofhavoc and caused a much big destruction in Persian. Evidence of whatis seen as Alexander having second thought is when he ordered repairsto be made after he realized how much he had destroyed the tomb ofCyrus the Great of Pasargad.

Alexanderaccording to history was not admired as much and he came to beappreciated much later even in his Roman region. Historians say thathe was ruthless to those who opposed him and did not care who evenfrom his own ranks. He was however kind to those who exhibited skilland courage. Even though he was a great soldier and an inspiringleader, he said to have an uncontrollable temper which was attributedto excessive drinking of alcohol. He also believed in his owndivinity which has led to his being branded a megalomaniac andparanoid.

Withall these flaws, it is right to say that though he committed someatrocities in his bid to invade the east, he was relatively humanefor a fighter or warrior at the time.


Duringhis reign Alexander was only opposed once by his soldiers, thisshowed that he had loyal soldiers. In his capacity as king, explorerscholar and commander, Alexander was in a position to extend theGreek culture and language across three continents. The area waslinked by a commerce and trade which increased interactions betweendiverse people. In his bid to further the unity, he adopted foreigncustoms that he used to rule the populous region.

Itis obvious that though he may have had some flows, Alexander thegreat will remain to have influence through-out the world todayespecially among the leaders. His heroic piety was exhibited in theinvasion of Persia which made him not only a piece of art work due tothe many paintings in his respect but also as a symbol of a modernhero for the struggle for independence of Macedonia.

Alexanderthe great is actually great, this is credited to the fact that hismilitary successes throughout his reigns. Though his people did notview Alexander as the ideal King mainly because he had left them atsome point when they needed a king Alexander had and still hasunequalled influence in the history and cultures. In this regard, theHellenistic culture spread the Greek culture which ideals ofdemocracy. In admiration he was great as he was not a coward and ledfrom the front and he did not ask his soldiers to do what he was notwilling to do himself.


Miles-Morillo,Lynne, and Stephen Morillo. 2014. Sourcesfor Frameworks of world history. 2 2.Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Behnke,Alison. 2008. Theconquests of Alexander the Great.Minneapolis, MN: Twenty-First Century Books.http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&ampscope=site&ampdb=nlebk&ampdb=nlabk&ampAN=519715.

Heckel,Waldemar, and Lawrence A. Tritle. 2011. Alexanderthe Great a New History.Hoboken: John Wiley &amp Sons.http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=819448.

Briant,Pierre, and Amélie Kuhrt. 2010. Alexanderthe Great and his empire: a short introduction.Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Grainger,John D. 2009. Alexanderthe great failure: the collapse of the Macedonian Empire.London: Hambledon Continuum.

Bosworth,A. B. 1988. Conquestand empire: the reign of Alexander the Great.Cambridge [England]: Cambridge University Press.

Bose,Partha Sarathi. 2004. Alexanderthe Great`s art of strategy: the timeless leadership lessons ofhistory`s greatest empire builder.New York: Gotham Books.

Yenne,Bill. 2010. Alexanderthe Great lessons from history`s undefeated general.New York: Palgrave Macmillan.http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=533613

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