Theoretical Sociological Perspectives

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TheoreticalSociological Perspectives&nbsp

Insociology, we acknowledge that we have a lot of theoreticalperspectives. Many scientists accept three main theoreticalsociological perspectives. The theoretical perspectives includesymbolic interactions, Functionalism, and Conflict theory. With thethree sociological perspectives, they will be used to show howexponents of that perception may analyze the music industry (Hogg etal. 1995).


Itembroils the use of symbols and details of our daily lives It showswhat the symbols mean and how we relate to each other. According tothis perspective, people attach meanings to symbols, and they doaccording to what they understand the symbols mean. When we look atthe music industry, we have a lot of symbolic interactionism. Forexample, the use body piercings, tattoos, and gothic attire is a typeof interactional symbolism meaning that the person is a fan of hardrock music. In another scenario, one might see the person as a memberof a cult. Reggae music is associated with dreadlocks a person mighthave dreadlocks to symbolize that he love reggae music. Anotherperson might see as dreadlocks as a trend that is common withcriminal gangs. It’s possible to say that use of symbolicinteractions neglects a lot and can lead tomiscommunication(Denzin,1970).

Thefunctional perspective

Inthis perspective the society is interdependent, and this contributesto the society working as a whole. In the case of the music industry,some musicians take their time record a song in the hopes that itwill sell. The people need to be entertained so as to be able torelax therefore we find a majority would like to listen to music. Thepeople buy the album, and they listen to it, and the musician getspaid out of it. The people may want more than listening to music intheir homes, and this leads to musicians giving live performances(Baltes,1987).

Thefunctionalists tend to think that society is held together with theabove examples where the musicians and the people depend on eachother.

Theconflict perspective

Unlikethe two mentioned perspectives that focus on the positive, theconflict perspective focuses on the negative. People who believe inthis perspective tend to say that the wealthy and the powerful forcesocietal command on the underprivileged and the frail. A good examplein the music industry where we have musicians who are wealthy. Suchmusicians due to fame and money tend to think they are above the law.They commit crimes such as child molestation and many others, thisshows the behavior that the conflict theorists condemn. Anotherexample could be the message that they portray in their music. Somesongs tend to send the wrong message to the audience, and theaudience might find the music degrades them (George,1993).


Theabove theoretical perspectives talk about the human nature, but theyare not entirely correct. The human sociology is a very complextopic, and it takes a lot of time to understand because manysociologists have different perspectives and theories (Denzin,1970).


George,L. K. (1993). Sociological perspectives on life transitions. Annualreview of sociology,353-373.

Baltes,P. B. (1987). Theoretical propositions of life-span developmentalpsychology: On the dynamics between growth and decline. Developmentalpsychology,23(5),611.

Denzin,N. K. (1970). Theresearch act: A theoretical introduction to sociological methods.Transaction publishers.

Hogg,M. A., Terry, D. J., &amp White, K. M. (1995). A tale of twotheories: A critical comparison of identity theory with socialidentity theory. Socialpsychology quarterly,255-269.

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