The Impact of Chronic Illness-HIV/AIDS

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TheImpact of Chronic Illness-HIV/AIDS

TheImpact of Chronic Illness-HIV/AIDS


The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge aboutHIV/AIDS in the patient who has been diagnosed with it. Aquestionnaire was administered to this patient with the chronicillness. The respondent had to reply to the question-basedinformation directed to them. The questionnaire was also based on theimpact of the family and friends in relation to accepting thediagnosis of the patient. The questionnaire was designed so as tounderstand the dynamics of the chronic illness-HIV/AIDS, analyze theresponses from the patient and formulate a direct care plandevelopment for the chosen illness group.


Questions administered in this survey were modified according to WHO(World Health Organization) recommendations. So, they werefriendly-based questions that did not elicit any negative reactions,emotions or feelings from the client. So, the clients were greetedwith a charming, warm and friendly smile. A brief introduction wasdone and the patient was made aware of the purpose of the study. Thepatient was made comfortable, in that, the information disclosed wassupposed to be confidential.

Question 1. Name (Optional)-

Question 2. Age-

27 years

Question 3. Sex-


Question 4. Marital status-


Question 5. Socio-economic status-

Lower middle class

Question 6. How did you get infected with HIV/AIDS?

Through unsafe sex.

Question 7. How long have you stayed with the disease?

For 6 years now.

Question 8. Does you and your family know that HIV/AIDS is a lifetime illness?


Question 9. Has the society, family and friends accepted you?

A good number has accepted me, while others have rejected anddisowned me.

Question 10. Who takes care of your personal needs?

My spouse and family too.

Question 11. Have you experienced any form of stigmatization?

Yes. From some friends and family members as well.

Question 12. Do you have the necessary knowledge regarding yourtreatment plan?

Yes. I have been to several seminars I have attended severalclinics and I have also been attending several sensitizationprograms, all for my personal benefits, regarding health.

Question 13. Do you have children?

Yes. Three children.

Question 14. How do your children perceive your illness status?

I have given them the simple knowledge of the illness, and thusthey accept me as their parent.

Question 15. Have you maintain all the friends that you had prior togetting ill?

Some have gone, while some have remained as loyal and mutualfriends.

Question 16. Have you acquired any friends after being diagnosed withthe illness?

Yes. I have friends who help me in outreach programs.

Question 17. Are you still with your spouse?

Yes. My wife accepted my status and she vowed to help me in allcircumstances, and so we are still together.

Question 18. What’s the past and current relationship with yourspouse?

Our past relationship was good, and isstill good.

Question 19. What was your level of awareness prior to gettingHIV/AIDS?

I was aware of the modes of HIV/AIDS transmission, but I wasignorant in my younger years, was unfaithful to my wife, ended uphaving many sexual partners and that’s how I became infected.

Question 20. Any message (s) you want to give to the world?

HIV/AIDS is real. Use protection. Stay safe. Be faithful to onepartner.


Based on the responses from the client, it is clearly evident thatHIV/AIDS is still a global scourge. Unsafe sexual practices are theleading causes of new infections. Partners who remain unfaithful toanother, usually engage themselves with other partners and thishigh-risk behaviors will contribute to sexually transmittedinfections. As seen from the respondent above, the patient wasmarried but still got HIV/AIDS, but from another side partner. Thepatient has a family, and his spouse is still loyal to their affair.The family is the most important unit, when it comes to care giving,especially in HIV/AIDS related cases. Once you are accepted with yourfamily, you can develop a healthier mentality and living, and thusyou can stay happier in your life time. Friends also play a biggerrole towards the well-being of a patient. Discriminated patients areusually very disappointed, depressed and have a reduced morale forliving up to their full potential. Stigmatization has continued to beone of the key challenges that HIV/AIDS patients face. Friends andfamilies should be the supporting pillar and thus encourage theirloved ones, to a happier and stress-free living. Children are also acrucial unit in the family. As soon as they understand the conditionof their ailing parent, they can be of more assistance on a dailyroutine. Attending various sensitization programs is one of thecentral entries towards acceptance, living a happier life andfollowing all the significant steps towards living healthy.


This chosen group (HIV/AIDS patients), was very important to thisstudy because, the disease has become one of the “global disasters”that cuts across all races and classes. Understanding the responsesthat the patient gives, is a stepping stone towards a care plandevelopment. First, the patient has to be accepted by his/her family.The extended family should support their ill relative if need be butshowing compassion is one of the first steps towards recovery. Thespouse makes up the family unit, and he/she is supposed to be caringat all times. They should attend to their partners with due respectand love as it was in the initial years of marriage. Friends andother acquaintances should also be kind, empathetic and caring totheir ailing friend (Schwartländer,2001).

All affected persons should learn from an ailing patient. They shouldbe keen not to repeat the same mistakes that can lead to infection bythe same disease.


Schwartländer,B., Stover, J., Hallett, T., Atun, R., Avila, C., Gouws, E., &ampAlsallaq, R. (2011). Towards an improved investment approach for aneffective response to HIV/AIDS.&nbspTheLancet,&nbsp377(9782),2031-2041.

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