TheAmerican History-The Vietnam War
Boththe war in Iraq and the one waged against the northern faction of theVietnam, share dissimilar causes. This is in regard to the fact thatboth wars did not have any provable threat against the security ofthe United States of America. Though the outcome of the Iraq war waysupersedes the Vietnam’s war, the budgetary allocation and thenumber of casualties is very high. Similarly also is the dissentingreactions upon which the citizens of America received the warcontinuation with. According to Prados,by the end of both wars, the American citizens have always agreedupon the unnecessary circumstances leading to war thus, rendering ithighly unpopular (p283). These echoed sentiments have in a major waycontributed towards the ending of the war both in Vietnam and inIraq. In both cases, it is a recurrence of the United Statesretribution on perceived enemies and to safeguard the personalinterests of the United States, especially her military supremacy(Prados,283).
Therecent Iraq war is distinctively different from the Vietnam War. Thisis in the sense that, the Iraq war was short lived and successful asopposed to the Vietnam War which lasted for three decades and heavilyhumiliated the subsequent American presidencies due to the hugecivilian and economic losses it posted (Prados,284).Though the circumstances leading to the escalation of the war aresimilarly personal to the United States government, the impacts ofthe Wars, the losses incurred and the war outcome are distinctivelydifferent.
TheUSA got involved in the war against the Vietnam as they tried to foilthe spillover of the communism, as spread by the Northern Vietnamesewho had won a war against the French. They consequently wanted tounite the entire Vietnam both south and north as a single independentstate a modeled influenced by both the soviet and the Chinese states(Prados,284).This prevention of the communism spreading to the southern Vietnam-an American ally forced the Americans to be more inclined towardsprotecting their allies as well as protecting their pride andinterests much to the distaste of China and the Soviet Union.
Itwas very difficult for the Americans to withdraw their troops fromVietnam during the accelerated war for various reasons. First, it wasthe war had not been decisively won owing to the bureaucracy thatrevolved around it. Secondly, the Americans feared being seen as ifthey were running as a result of heavy defeat by the Vietnamese. Theending of the war was influenced by two major events namely the TETconflict and the congressional restriction on the war funding (Wernerand Luu, 3).The conflicts and attacks placed the reality of the war to the publicand people realized just how difficult it was to win the war, andthey were also exposed to the realities on the ground against thepropaganda spread by the war generals. The American troops also wenton a bombing spree which got the northern Vietnam faction to considercease fire and negotiate. Congress also through cutting the militaryallocation by almost 30 percent pushed the statehouse to end the warand withdraw its troops from Vietnam. These were the two mostsignificant events that market the turning point of the Vietnam War.
Prados,John. "A Vietnam War reader: a documentary history from Americanand Vietnamese perspectives." ColdWar History11.2 (2011): 283-284.
Werner,Jayne, and Luu Doan Huynh. TheVietnam War: Vietnamese and American Perspectives.Routledge, 2015.