Summary of Clark`s analysis in

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of Clark’s analysis in

TheEnvirons of Paris” Originally Published in the Painting of ModernLife: Paris in the Art of Manet and His Followers

Variousartists around the world have considered the French impressionism ofart and painting in the modern life as a form of great art. It hasbeen popular over the last decades and knowledge on some of thepaintings such as Manet makes it very easy to understandimpressionisms1.Moreover, it enables the artist to understand how the variousartworks relate to the social, political and historical aspects ofthe period. The knowledge also enables us to understand theirconnection between artwork formalism and iconography. T. J. Clark’spainting of modern life is proven to be scholarly in the analysis ofthe various connections and relations mentioned above.

MrClark was a tutor at Harvard University has focused on how thepaintings have illustrated the modern life and the revelation of thesocial life and practices. According to Mr Clark, various popular artpractices such as songs and theatrical performance are forms ofsocial life2.Mr Clarks argued that it is through the exhibitions and criticismthat have enabled the paintings to be popular and thus, have a greateffect as an impressionist to social, political and historicalaspects.

Inthe book, Clark has argued that various forms of artworks had aninfluence on social aspects during that period. For instance,according to Clark, Seurat was associated in mixing of various socialclasses that was not common during that period. The mixing of thesocial classes mainly concerned La Grande Jatte and this created someform of freedom in the society. Clark concludes that Manet and hisfollowers mainly lacked interest in the associations of other socialclasses. He also argued that the main, Manet and his followers lackedinterest on the values of other social classes3.These situations happened in the capitalist society, and therefore,the artwork had a lot of significance to the society.

Clarkhas huge references to the political atmosphere of the city at thetime. His book analyses in details the significance of the rulingclass in the determination of the lives of the people during thatera. He particularly points out how the authorities ruled outsignificant developments of the time some of the decisions that weredisputable. The fact that not everyone agreed with the decisions madeare arguably some of the political aspects in Clark’s analysis.Another aspect that can be described as both political and social isthe issue of Manets famous image of a prostitute. The pictureillustrated the state of prostitution in the city4.Since prostitution is a social vice, this aspect can be described asdepicting the wanting sociological status of the city at the time. The portrait showed an image of a naked woman. In another dimension,the image portrayed a relaxed political regime that was unable tocontrol the status of prostitution in the city. The authorities hadthe ability to control the vice and the fact that this did not happenshowed that the leaders were relaxed in tackling the issue5.

Clarkmentions significance historical aspects in his analysis. A notablefeature is his perception of the Notre Dame. He alleges that it was arebuilt monumental Paris, which signifies a change of identity toanother6.The new building was a depiction of a new superimposed image, whichwas something new and created a new attraction and attention of thepeople. The fact the building was not entirely demolished andconstructed afresh-showed great regard to historical artworks and theneed to retain and maintain them. This is because they represented agreat deal of the towns identify and at large the country’sidentify.

Clark’sapproach is different from other approaches in that his analysis ofartefacts inconclusive and wholesome. He incorporates aspectsportrayed by a painting or any piece of art including historicalaspects, social aspects as well as political aspects. Formalism is anapproach in art history that involves comparing and contrasting acertain piece of art regarding art and style. His style is much moredetailed that formalism. Formalism only focuses on styles used in thepiece of art. An iconography is an approach in the study ofhistorical artefacts that deals with identification, analyses anddescription of the content in artefacts mainly images. It is onlyconcerned with the content7.

Theessay has summarized how Clark the author of the text ‘The Environsof Paris” relates various pieces of art to social, political andhistorical aspects. It has mentioned particular examples that theClark used to establish the facts depicted by particular pieces ofart. The author has incorporated various approaches in his study toestablish a wholesome and comprehensive analysis of the text. It hasfurther shown how his approach differs with other styles such asformalism and iconography.

Bibliography

Clark,T.J (1984). &quotTheEnvirons of Paris,&quot Originally published in The paintings ofModern Life: Paris in the Art of Manet and His followers.Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press

1 Clark, T.J (1984). &quotThe Environs of Paris,&quot Originally published in The paintings of Modern Life: Paris in the Art of Manet and His followers. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, pp118

2 Clark, T.J (1984). &quotThe Environs of Paris,&quot Originally published in The paintings of Modern Life: Paris in the Art of Manet and His followers. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press,pp119-121

3 Clark, T.J (1984). &quotThe Environs of Paris,&quot Originally published in The paintings of Modern Life: Paris in the Art of Manet and His followers. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, pp143

4 Clark, T.J (1984). &quotThe Environs of Paris,&quot Originally published in The paintings of Modern Life: Paris in the Art of Manet and His followers. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, pp138

5 Ibid, pp146

6 Clark, T.J (1984). &quotThe Environs of Paris,&quot Originally published in The paintings of Modern Life: Paris in the Art of Manet and His followers. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, pp186

7 Clark, T.J (1984). &quotThe Environs of Paris,&quot Originally published in The paintings of Modern Life: Paris in the Art of Manet and His followers. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, pp 142

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