PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTING 3
TheGlobalInitiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease(GOLD) developed guidelines meant to assist in the diagnosis,management, and prevention of COPD. The guidelines suggest that anyindividual who shows signs of dyspnea, chronic cough should beurgently put on diagnosis (Global Initiative for Chronic ObstructiveLung Disease, 2011). Some of the proposed methods includespirometric, screening, and pharmacological treatment, among othersdepending on the nature of the disease. Adoption good habits such asabstinence from smoking and observing the quality of air have shownpositive results in the prevention of COPD. Pulmonary rehabilitationis also another proposed method that would help in lessening thesymptoms. Further, continuous administration of oxygen for patientswith chronic respiratory failure is essential to enhance survival.The method ensures that the patient has access to quality as well asimproves the survival rates.
Acutebronchospasmis a form asthma attack where the air pathway is blocked partially.It is often caused by inflammation of the muscles around the airtubes hence making it hard to breathe (Buttaro,Trybulski, Polgar Bailey, & Sandberg-Cook, 2013).Screening spirometry is an effective diagnosis method for patientswith dyspnea. Besides screening, smoking cessation helps a patientquit smoking (American Lung Association, n.d.). The method has shown25 percent quit rates. Additionally, NicotineReplacement Productssuch as inhaler and nicotine gum increases the chances of long-termquitting. In the management of COPD, it is important to reduce therisk factors such as smoking (WebMD, 2012). Drugs such as Influenzavaccines and corticosteroids can be used for the long-term managementof the disease. The guidelines also recommend routine activities suchas physical exercises can help reduce fatigue and dyspnea. Forshort-term management, it is appropriate that the patient undergotherapy and regular screening. The approach ensures that the symptomsand the risks factors are reduced drastically.
Buttaro,T. M., Trybulski, J., Polgar Bailey, P., & Sandberg-Cook, J.(2013). Primary care: A collaborative practice (4th ed.). St. Louis,MO: Mosby.
GlobalInitiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. (2011). At-a-glanceoutpatient management reference for chronic obstructive pulmonarydisease (COPD). Retrieved fromhttp://www.goldcopd.org/uploads/users/files/GOLD_AtAGlance_2011_Jan18.pdf
AmericanLung Association. (n.d.). Retrieved November 28, 2012, fromhttp://www.lung.org
WebMD.(2012). Medscape. Retrieved from http://www.medscape.com/