ProfessionalDevelopment of Nursing Professionals
Instituteof Medicine (IOM) is not-for-profit organization that givesinformation concerning healthcare decisions to the private sector andgovernment through evidence-based research so that hospitals canupdate their policies to improve patient care. The 2010 IOM reporthas impacts on the nursing practice, education and nurse’s role asa leader due to increasing demands and reformed healthcare system. Asthe Affordable Care Act increases access to insurance coverage, therewill be an increase in demand for an expanded workforce and thesecalls for changes in nursing education, scope of practice, andnursing leadership at all rungs so that nurses can be staffedappropriately and effectively.
Thispaper discusses the impact of the IOM report on nursing practice,education and leadership in healthcare.
Impactof IOM on Nursing Education, Practice and Leadership
Themain objective of IOM is to change nursing education to well matchthe increasing demands for healthcare services (IOM 2010). The reportbelieves nurses should attain higher educational levels so as toaddress the growing demands of reformed and complex healthcaresystem. The IOM assumes that nursing profession can occupy expandedand new roles in a reformed healthcare system. However, to capitalizeon these opportunities, it is important to allow nurses to practiceaccording to their training. The educational training they get mustprepare them to provide patient-centered, safer, and qualitativehealthcare services (DeNisco & Barker 2013). Given that thecompetencies required in nursing practice have expanded, nurses arerequired to have knowledge of system improvements, evidence-basedpractice, leadership skills, research, geriatrics and public health.As the reformed healthcare move away from acute care system towardsprimary care system, more nurses will be needed to serve as primarycare providers.
Asfor the ever-increasing aging population, nurses will be relied uponto assist patients manage chronic conditions in an attempt to preventdisease progression and care episodes. As a result, more focus willbe placed on chronic care management and preventive care as opposedto episodic hospitalizations, as well as fragmented responses. Ascare shifts towards public health environments and communities, fewernumber of acute care clinicians will be required. Transforming howclinicians are trained and educated will be essential to making surethe provision of high-quality care. This is where nursing educationcomes in to ensure nurses provide high-quality patient care.
Theemphasis on multidisciplinary care teams implies that nurses aregoing to work with a diversity of professionals in the healthcaremajority of who have doctoral or masters’ degrees.
Ifnursing profession is to assume role in leadership in the revamp ofpatient care delivery models, it needs well educated nurses whocomprehend notions of patient safety, leadership and collaboration.Being better educated promotes confidence, better professionalism andenhances competency.
Thereport holds that nurse professionals are best placed to expand andcomplete new roles in a revamped healthcare system. Management ofchronic ailments and an increase in aging population are going toincrease the demand for healthcare services and needs. Therefore,nursing education is critical to prepare and train nurses to offersafer, effective, and high quality healthcare services.
Onthe full extent of practice, the report recommends giving nurses moreresponsibilities in the primary care setting. The IOM report’s mainfocus is to expand the scope of practice to enable nurses to practiceas leader and advocate (Milstead 2013). The report calls for ahealthcare system where patients, families and providers workcooperatively whilst controlling the costs. However, nurses mustattain higher educational training to be able to carry out their roleat full scope without any limitation. This shifts to more primary andpreventive care.
Nursesoffer a way to improve access to safer high-quality primary care. Thenurses’ close contact with patients, education and experience putsnursing workforce in the best position to address the primary careneeds of the nation. Nurses are found in almost all healthcare accesspoints and their roles in patient care across the entire healthsystem offers significant opportunities to impact health outcomes. Inthe primary care, nurses will play a significant role in coordinatingcare, practicing in the family and community context, increasingaccessibility and establishing sustained relationships with patients.
TheIOM report believes nurses will play an important role to contributeto innovative plan focused on bettering the healthcare system (IOM2010). Therefore, it calls for nurses to assume leadership roles inthe redesign of healthcare system. The role of nurses in the redesignof the healthcare system will be significant and nurses areencouraged to take this advantage in guiding the reform. Takingleadership role will enable nurses to improve healthcare outcomes andpromote wellness. Many health organizations provide Nurse Residencyprogram in an attempt to nurture nurses into leadership role. Theprogram gives nurses the chance to showcase their skills,intelligence and critical thinking (Milstead 2013). Additionally, theprogram gives nurse leaders the opportunity to interact and shareexperience and knowledge with other nurse leaders.
The2010 IOM report calls for a change in the nursing so that theprofession can better respond to demands of complex healthcare systemand demographic changes. The impact of IOM on nursing profession isthat the report will make the practice more complex by moving thesystem away from acute care to primary care. It transforms how healthproviders are trained and educated to be able to deliver safe andeffective care. Moreover, nurses will be challenged to take overleadership role in the redesign of patient care delivery models andhealthcare reform.
DeNisco,S & Barker, AM 2013, “Advanced practice nursing: Evolving rolesfor the transformation of the profession,” Burlington, Mass: Jones& Bartlett Learning.
IOM(Institute of Medicine) 2010, `The future of nursing: leading change,advancing health`, Report Brief, 1–4
Milstead,JA 2013, “Health policy and politics: A nurse`s guide,”Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.