PrescriptiveNature of Gender Norms and Sexuality
Gay/Bi-sexualand their social role in the society
LGBThave faced discrimination levels in the society though the governmentis doing all the necessary to safeguard and strengthen their socialdiversity. The government is doing this so that there can betransparency, friendly and respectful society. If this is achieved,sexual orientation and sexual expression will be normative that everymember of the society needs not to be reminded. Several acts havebeen made for gays and heterosexual marriages. TheAnti-discrimination Commission responsible for legislation matters ismaking more proposals regularly to curb the discrimination problem.In the current society, LGBT is having comfortable life courtesy ofthe government efforts. They no longer hide, and some of them havecome publicly to defend their position both in public and in theprofession of politics. In the society, acceptance of the LGBT isminimal, and this has a close relationship between sexual harassmentswitnessed among persons of the same sex. The young LGBT are the mostaffected in case of harassments. This is the reason the governmenthas taken an initiative to address LGBT matters across all platformsincluding the government ministries.
Effortsto make the environment comfortable for the LGBT people continue sothat they can be fully accepted in any society. Despite the factthat some societies are intolerant of them, the LGBT are required toidentify their social role in the society rather than depending onthe society to assign them such roles.
LGBTand social acceptance
Theattitude towards gays and bisexuals has changed dramatically over thelast period, and the LGBT individuals in America are much aware ofthe change that has taken place over the way the society perceivesthem. These individuals especially the adult ones are happy of thechanged perspective of the society, and they now feel moreappreciated than never before. They have developed a significantpercentage of hope of the future that the community has promisedthem. Through research, that was conducted, the LGBT individuals,only 19% of them have given testimony that the society accepts themfully. About 53% have stated that the community is still intolerantto them, and they are being discriminated upon. A significant numberof the LGBT people reported that the way they are treated by thecommunity is unfair due to their gender orientation. The unfairtreatment to the LGBT is witnessed in hotels and restaurants wherethe services offered to them are very poor in comparison to whatother citizens receive. They are also prone to physical attacks aswell as threats from the citizens who perceive them negatively (Kim,Sheridan & Holcomb, 2009).
Theadult LGBT individuals purport that their wide social acceptance canbe attributed to their openness to the community that they are LGBTs.The openness made the community aware of the existence of thetransgender and some of them who were notable public figures who haveidentified their role in the society have contributed to theacceptance of the LGBTs in the society. Studies have shown that morethan 70% of the community members are aware and knows the LGBT peoplethey are staying with. This has contributed to the acceptance fromthe society to the transgender people. Well-known public figures fromthe LGBT and non-LGBT community have contributed to helping thesociety change its perspective to the LGBT individuals. Theperception of LGBT individuals to the community differs according totheir gender and age. Women bisexuals and lesbians are more acceptedthan the gay men are in the society.
Changingsocietal views on LGBT and role of public figures
Thereis a positive change of the society towards LGBT individuals. This ismost likely because of the individual relationships that the LGBTpeople have built between them and the society. The public figureshave also been very influential in fostering the required change thatthe community has developed towards the LGBT. Some of these publicfigures have openly come out publicly to announce that they are partof the LGBT community. This has greatly contributed to having apositive societal view of the transgender individuals. Some of theLGBT characters have been all over the social media a fact that hashelped a lot in improving the societal acceptance of the LGBTindividuals. Some of the LGBT have taken over the role of taking careand raising their families in the society they are staying in. Thisis a strong positive factor that can change the perspective of thesociety towards the transgender people. Some of the LGBT have goneahead to formalize their marriage and those who have witnessed andattended their pride events have described them as being colorfulcontributing to accepting them the more in the society. Though somepeople do not see the importance of the pride events among the LGBT,the non-whites considers the events as very important compared to thewhites (Peer Research Centre, 2013).
TheLGBT have identified some of the public figures who they believe havecontributed to advancing their rights. From the majority of the LGBTinterviewed, the US President Barack Obama was identified as playinga major role in ensuring that the life of the LGBTs is comfortable.Another common figure identified was Ellen DeGeneres among many otherprominent people in the United States of America.
LGBTand the political parties and institutions
LGBThave identified themselves with the political parties, and some ofthem are very active in matters of politics. Among the US LGBT, thereis a general feeling that the Democratic Party is very friendly tothem, and that is why they have a very strong affiliation towards theparty. A significant number of the LGBT believe that the Republicansare not friendly as such. About 63% of the LGBT believe that theObama administration has offered them a friendly environment than anyother administration witnessed before.
TheLGBT have as well identified themselves with some other institutionsapart from the political parties. Speaking of the entertainmentindustry, they say that the industry supports them at most though notall participants in the industry are in their favor. At least 70%supports them. The news media is not that friendly to the LGBT, butit is perceived as being neutral. They also have a view on themilitary in the state towards them. About 47% of the LGBT believethat the military is not friendly towards them while 44% say that themilitary is neutral. The profession of sports is perceived to be thebest ant-LGBTs whereby almost 59% of the LGBT individuals feel thatthe sports men and women are very unfriendly to them.
Mostlearning institutions are part of the society that holds a verycrucial role as far as societal values are concerned. Theseinstitutions are critical and, therefore, addressing the issue ofGLBT is of great importance. Most schools are likely to inherit thefeelings and attitudes of the surrounding society to perceive theGLBT. The school environment is very hostile to the GLBT students.The forms of discrimination are very common to the students who haveidentified themselves as GLBTs. Their roles are very limited at theschool scenes and those who have some roles to play it’s becausethey have not revealed their sexual status. Those communities thatmake a demarcated contribution to the GLBT that is influential on theschool environment revealed some strategies that are aimed ataddressing the GLBT situation in most schools in the state. The firststrategy is the policy reform where the schools come up with strictnon-discriminatory policies that address the issue of the GLBT. Thesepolicies are meant to reduce the risks that the GLBT are exposed tolike bullying while in the school environment. The second strategy isengaging the school personnel where the school management and staffintervene when the cases of bullying are witnessed towards the GLBT(Human Rights Watch, 2001). Some teachers should volunteer themselvesto offer guidance and counseling to the students who have beendiscriminated and bullied. The third strategy is the forming oforganizations that are student-led. These organizations should have asole aim of safeguarding the rights of the GLBT students within theschool. Lastly is the circular inclusion strategy where the issuesand topics addressing the GLBT matters should be included in theschool curriculum. This will educate the students at large on whatcomprises a comfortable environment for the GLBT students.
GLBTand the workplace environment
TheGLBT individuals tend to associate themselves people who are or arenot LGBT at the workplace. Some of the GLBT individuals associatewith the likes only in the workplace, and if there’s none, theyprefer to isolate themselves from other co-workers. The gay men havethe most LGBT friends compared to lesbians and the bisexuals. TheLGBT, who have stayed in a similar environment or neighborhood beforeidentifying the LGBT friends faster in the work environment and makefriendship with them faster (Genny, 2004).
Mostemployees who are GLBT are impressed with the way they are treated attheir work place because there’s nothing like discrimination as itmay be witnessed in some other environments. Some of the GLBTindividuals points it out that their workmates do not know that theyare GLBTs while others have revealed that their sexual status isopenly known to their co-workers.
Theissue of GLBT in today’s society has drawn different reactions fromsome countries. Some countries have come up to defend the actions ofthe GLBT issues while some countries have abolished suchrelationships in their country and issued warnings to the individualswho may be found to be in such relationships. Some have taken theissue from the spiritual point of few to be evil. Whichever the casecan be in a given society, the roles of the GLBT people should berecognized depending on the ground of the matter and the cultural andspiritual beliefs of the society in question. Additionally, theyshould be given the freedom to determine their social roles ratherthan relying on the society to do so.
Genny,B. (2004). TransgenderIssues in Education. An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,Transgender, and Queer Culture.Chicago.
HumanRights Watch. (2001). Hatredin the Hall-ways: Violence and Discrimination against Lesbian, Gay,Bisexual and Transgender Students in U.S Schools.New Yolk. Author.
Kim,R., Sheridan, D & Holcomb, S. (2009). AReport on the Status of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and TransgenderPeople in Education: Stepping Out of the Closet, into the Light.Washington.
PeerResearch Center. (2013). ASurvey of LGBT Americans. Attitudes, Experiences, and Values inChanging Times.Washington.