Nigeria and E-governance

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 6

Nigeriaand E-governance

ABSTRACTIntroduction-E-governance is theautomation of existing paper-based procedures in governmentoperations (Adomi, 2010).

Environmentalbonuses-It provides environmental bonuses by reducing the need for paperforms that saves the environment (Oncioiu, 2013).

Motivation- TheMotivation for e-government is to augment the access and delivery ofits services to the citizens (Nikel, 2010).

Problems- The government sector faces information management problems due tolack of interlink ages of information. Paper work increases the rateof environmental pollution (Ajayi, 2012).

Objectives-The study aims to evaluate whether the use of online governmentservices can produce significant savings in the use of papers, filingcabinets, folders and shelves in offices. The paper is set to helpthe government improve on its revenue generation and at the same timedelivering on its promises to the electorate while contributing tosave the environment (Nberger, 2007).

LITERATUREREVIEW

Concept-Theconcept behind e-government entail easing the access to files byproviding linked information stored in databases as opposed to hardcopies kept in different locations.

Empiricaland theoretical frame work-Governmentsand businesses have turned to the provision of online services.Increased implementation is due to pressure from environmentalistgroups that advocate for the environmental impacts of implementingpaperless offices (Misuraca, 2007).

METHODOLOGY

Researchdesign-A comparison was conducted between the use of e-governance in the United Kingdom and Nigeria. Both qualitative and quantitative modesof analysis were used in studying the activities of the federalministries (Lallana, 2012).

Population-Thepopulation for the study entailed all the federal ministries in theUnited Kingdom and Nigeria (Kondlo, 2011).

Samplingand sampling technique-Thestudy applied non probabilistic sampling methods to select activitiesof 24 federal ministries in the United Kingdom and Nigeria forcomparison purposes. Information from secondary sources such aswebsites was obtained for the research (Gov. UK, nd).

Dataanalysis-Themean, standard deviation and pearson product moment correlation wasused for data analysis. The method assisted to ascertain howe-governance would help to reduce the environmental impact of papers,save cost, boost productivity, make information sharing easier andhelp the environment (Beulen, &amp Ribbers, 2006).

RESULTSAND DISCUSSIONS

Conclusion-Resultsindicated that the United Kingdom ministries are leaders ine-government. 41% of UK’s citizens use the internet as a primarymeans to access government services. 60% of services entail customerrelationship management that provides self-services to citizens. Theuse of the government’s website to provide internal governmentforms for federal employees saves paper work, filing cabinets,folders and shelves in offices by 78%. It also reduces environmentalpollution by 65% (Anttiroiko, 2011).

TheNigerian government is on the verge of implementing e-government withonly four generic tracks for e-government, which are government tobusiness, government to citizen, government to employee, andgovernment to government (Andersen, 2014). It results into 94% paperwork that in turn contributes to 54% of pollution to the environment(Computer weekly.com, 2000).

Policy&amp Recommendations-Nigeria requires policies to speed the processes for implementinge-governance in its agencies to save paper work, filing cabinets,folders and shelves in offices. It should increase the use of theinternet among its citizens that will later transform into widespreadusage of e-government (Akunyili, 2015).

References

Adomi,E. (2010).&nbspFrameworksfor ICT policy government, social and legal issues.Hershey: Information Science Reference.

Ajayi,A. (2012).&nbspTheEffect of ICT on Nigeria Economic Development ICT in Nigeria EconomicDevelopment&nbsp(1.Aufl. ed.). Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing.

Ajeeli,A. (2010).&nbspHandbookof research on e-services in the public sector e-governmentstrategies and advancements.Hershey PA: Information Science Reference.

Akunyili,(2015). ICT and e-government in Nigeria.Nkuphe,:a revelation on Africa.Retrievedfromhttps://goafrit.wordpress.com/2010/06/12/ict-and-e-government-in-nigeria-prof-akunyili/ on 29 December, 2015

Andersen,M. (2014). Mercer launches e-governance service for pension schemes.Mercer.Retrieved from http://uk.mercer.com/newsroom/eGovernance.htmlon 05 January, 2016.

Anttiroiko,A. (2011).&nbspInnovativetrends in public governance in Asia.Amsterdam: IOS Press.

Beulen,E., &amp Ribbers, P. (2006).&nbspManagingIT outsourcing governance in global partnerships.London: Routledge

Computerweekly.com, (2000). UK is “e-government” leader. Retrieved fromhttp://www.computerweekly.com/feature/UK-is-e-government-leaderon 29 December, 2015

Gov.UK ,(nd).Government information technology (IT).Retrievedfrom https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/ict-strategy-resourceson05 January, 2016

Isikdag,U.(n.d) Academia. Acomparative analysis of the strategic role of ICT in the UK andTurkish construction industries.Retrievedfromhttps://www.academia.edu/2604517/A_Comparative_Analysis_of_the_Strategic_Role_of_ICT_in_the_UK_and_Turkish_Construction_Industrieson 05 January, 2016.

Kondlo,K. (2011). Governance in the 21st century. South Africa: HSRC.

Kondlo,K. (2011).&nbspGovernancein the 21st century.South Africa: HSRC

Lallana,E. (2012).&nbspASEAN2.0 ICT, governance, and community in Southeast Asia.Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.

Misuraca,G. (2007).&nbspE-Governancein Africa, from theory to action a handbook on ICTs for localgovernance.Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press .

Nberger,V. (2007).&nbspGovernanceand information technology from electronic government to informationgovernment.Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Nikel,J. (2010).&nbspSystemsthinking and e-participation ICT in the governance of society.Hershey [PA: Information Science Reference.

OECDobserver, (n.d). One country’s strategy. Governance: How theBritish government aims to put the citizen online. Retrieved from:http://www.oecdobserver.org/news/archivestory.php/aid/481/e-Governance:_one_country_92s_strategy.html#sthash.SwfybVmH.dpuf on 05 January, 2016.

Oncioiu,I. (2013).&nbspBusinessinnovation, development, and advancement in the digital economy.Hershey, Pa.: IGI Global (701 E. Chocolate Avenue, Hershey,Pennsylvania, 17033, USA).

Reporton Review of ICT governance in the Queensland Government.(2006). Brisbane, Qld.: Service Delivery and Performance Commission.

Smith,R. (2009).&nbspOrganizingfor e-government in search of effective ICT governance in Australia.Clayton, Vic.: Monash University, Business and Economics.

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