INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 6
ABSTRACTIntroduction-E-governance is theautomation of existing paper-based procedures in governmentoperations (Adomi, 2010).
Environmentalbonuses-It provides environmental bonuses by reducing the need for paperforms that saves the environment (Oncioiu, 2013).
Motivation- TheMotivation for e-government is to augment the access and delivery ofits services to the citizens (Nikel, 2010).
Problems- The government sector faces information management problems due tolack of interlink ages of information. Paper work increases the rateof environmental pollution (Ajayi, 2012).
Objectives-The study aims to evaluate whether the use of online governmentservices can produce significant savings in the use of papers, filingcabinets, folders and shelves in offices. The paper is set to helpthe government improve on its revenue generation and at the same timedelivering on its promises to the electorate while contributing tosave the environment (Nberger, 2007).
Concept-Theconcept behind e-government entail easing the access to files byproviding linked information stored in databases as opposed to hardcopies kept in different locations.
Empiricaland theoretical frame work-Governmentsand businesses have turned to the provision of online services.Increased implementation is due to pressure from environmentalistgroups that advocate for the environmental impacts of implementingpaperless offices (Misuraca, 2007).
Researchdesign-A comparison was conducted between the use of e-governance in the United Kingdom and Nigeria. Both qualitative and quantitative modesof analysis were used in studying the activities of the federalministries (Lallana, 2012).
Population-Thepopulation for the study entailed all the federal ministries in theUnited Kingdom and Nigeria (Kondlo, 2011).
Samplingand sampling technique-Thestudy applied non probabilistic sampling methods to select activitiesof 24 federal ministries in the United Kingdom and Nigeria forcomparison purposes. Information from secondary sources such aswebsites was obtained for the research (Gov. UK, nd).
Dataanalysis-Themean, standard deviation and pearson product moment correlation wasused for data analysis. The method assisted to ascertain howe-governance would help to reduce the environmental impact of papers,save cost, boost productivity, make information sharing easier andhelp the environment (Beulen, & Ribbers, 2006).
Conclusion-Resultsindicated that the United Kingdom ministries are leaders ine-government. 41% of UK’s citizens use the internet as a primarymeans to access government services. 60% of services entail customerrelationship management that provides self-services to citizens. Theuse of the government’s website to provide internal governmentforms for federal employees saves paper work, filing cabinets,folders and shelves in offices by 78%. It also reduces environmentalpollution by 65% (Anttiroiko, 2011).
TheNigerian government is on the verge of implementing e-government withonly four generic tracks for e-government, which are government tobusiness, government to citizen, government to employee, andgovernment to government (Andersen, 2014). It results into 94% paperwork that in turn contributes to 54% of pollution to the environment(Computer weekly.com, 2000).
Policy& Recommendations-Nigeria requires policies to speed the processes for implementinge-governance in its agencies to save paper work, filing cabinets,folders and shelves in offices. It should increase the use of theinternet among its citizens that will later transform into widespreadusage of e-government (Akunyili, 2015).
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