Measurement Scale

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Theappropriate measurement scale for the exercise is the summatedscales. In research, summated scales refer to a collection relatedquestions are used to measure an underlying matter. When using it, aresearcher should provide evidence of reliability and validity. Thescale should also connect with the measures of related or similarfeatures. It should not reflect any correlation with the measuresfrom unrelated features. It is important that the responses generatedfrom the scale reflect a form of consistency when tested again. Thepattern in the scale enables the researcher to make crediblefindings. The scale enables the researcher to differentiate the datacollected based on their classification. One can use factor analysisto validate the data. The researcher should select the best questionsas well as use norms to compare the individual scores with that ofthe population. The questions relate to similar matter, healthcareoutcomes. In addressing the matter, variables such as critical careeducation, patient outcomes, and staff competencies are related tothe education gaps. In this study, the research utilizes the measureof the scale where the information is generated by using factoranalysis that aids in validating the content of the findings (Rubin &ampBabbie, 2010). Measuring sensitivity in the study is realizable usingregression analysis or emulators.

Lookingat the consistency of the data is one of the measures used by theresearcher to confirm the reliability of the collected and analyzeddata. Methods that produced positive results in other studies are anindication of reliability. When discussing research, many conceptsare important to consider however, the issue of validity is centralto any solid measure and research design. There are also severalapproaches to establishing validity: construct validity, criterionvalidity, and content validity. In this particular study, theresearcher should use the content validity to measure the degree towhich the data collected correlates with the population. Theconsistency in the degree of measure signifies the content the testis designed to investigate and measure. To increase reliability, theresearcher can consider including numerous identical items of measureby testing a dissimilar sample of respondents and by using consistenttesting procedures (Frank-Stromborg &amp Olsen, 2004).

Researchersencounter various forms of ethical dilemmas such as (confidentiality,anonymity, conflicts of interest, informed consent, and debriefing,among others. These ethical factors may have negative impacts on theexercise. The researcher needs to generate measures to enhance thereliability and credibility of the information collected. Necessarypreparations such as resources, work plan, and awareness arenecessary before the exercise. Participants should be well informedof the resources such as time and energy that are required for theparticipation of the exercise. It helps in making the participantsunderstand the repercussions of choosing to either participate or notindependently. It is also important to create awareness about theimportance and benefits of the research to improve the credibility ofthe results. Permission from the relevant authorities and hospitaladministrators is essential to safeguard the legality of theexercise. Safeguarding the confidentiality of the information such asacademic qualifications of the nurses is necessary. Care to observeethical considerations as required by research principles areexpected in all research studies. The research should ensure that therights to privacy, anonymity, voluntary participation and withdrawalfrom participation at any point are all protected (Burns, Grove, &ampGray, 2015). Nurses need assurance from the researcher that theinformation generated is only for research.


Burns,N., Grove, S. K., &amp Gray, J. (2015). Understandingnursing research: Building an evidence-based practice.Missouri: Elsevier.

Frank-Stromborg,M., &amp Olsen, S. J. (2004). Instrumentsfor clinical health-care research.Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Rubin,A., &amp Babbie, E. R. (2010). Essentialresearch methods for social work.Belmont: Cengage Learning.

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