Library guide for Journalism

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Library guide forJournalism

Section1.Introduction

Learners in every field need to have the right resources to find theright information that matches their informational needs. In otherwords, the right and available information may not be the needed orrelevant information. For journalism students, this concept must holdat all times given that as producers and disseminators ofinformation, they have a higher obligation to collect and collatedesired information in a timely and organized manner. Courtesy ofinformation technology, modern day learners are exposed to evengreater sources of information and thus a greater challenge inretrieving the right information resources. The huge mountain ofinformation can be categorized into major topics in the area or themajor types of sources.

This guide servesto provide journalism students, professional journalists,researchers, librarians and others a starting point for theirresearch. Based on the topic mode of categorization, there are keyareas addressed by journalism as a subject as indicated by varioussubject guides available. The main topics identified includeresearch, evaluating resources, information literacy, referencing andplagiarism, journals and books. Some other sources have broken downresearch in journalism into various topics covered in journalism suchas, freelance writing, blogging, education, health, environment,business/finance, local politics, global politics, arts and culture,fashion, lifestyle among others. Learners can seek to search throughhordes of information and sources informed by these topics. Thetopics can be covered in a wide range of type of sources, whichhappens to the other form of categorization.

Ordinarily, under the source –type there are minor categories suchas print, digital/electronic and audiovisual. Print sources includeall sources printed on paper such as books, magazines, white papers,periodicals, journals, conference papers, newspapers and such. Underthe digital subcategory, there sources such as ebooks, onlinejournals, websites and blogs. Under the audiovisual category, sourcesinclude films, television, radio, recordings and podcasts. The formatof a source of information and the topic addressed under journalismcan be very useful in identifying relevant sources for study.

Generally, the most common research guides on journalism are online.There are various websites mainly from renowned institutions ofhigher learning. For these institution-based guides, the presentationof guides leans towards the courses offered and their owninterpretation of journalism. The main advantage about the onlinebased guides is that they are easily accessible and are convenient toupdate hence the information that they contain is mostly currentunlike books and other print sources. For instance, ColumbiaUniversity library website provides subject guides on variousdisciplines. On journalism, the website(http://guides.library.columbia.edu/journalism) provides welldisplayed tabs on various topics on journalism and resources such asbooks, politics, arts and culture and news. Professional guides onjournalism are also available. The society of professionaljournalists and the American press institute provide reliableinformation on the topic of journalism and even provide a subjectguide.

Section 2. Typesof sources

This sectionprovides the general overview various types of resources and providesa list of examples under the various categories of resources.

General guides

General guides on the larger journalism and mass communication topicare the most abundant. These guides seeks to cover the main topicthat fall under journalism such as evaluation of sources, conductinginterviews, citizen journalism, news, reporting, and even freelancejournalism among others. In short, these guides provide a broad ordiscipline-based framework on journalism. General guides are thussuitable for researchers who are interested in covering severaljournalism topics without digging deep into specific areas.

The majority of online library guides evaluated in this project offera discipline-wide direction. For the institution based guides, thematerials and topics addressed are course specific. For instance theSacramento state University library guide on journalism providesspecific resources from the institution related to referencing ofsources for students. The assumption here is that researchers usingthe guide are doing their research for academic purposes. Other majorresources include books as listed. The same trend is evident at theNew York University Library portal where the guide on journalismclearly states “This guide is designed to provide researchassistance to students in the Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute”(http://guides.nyu.edu/journalism).

Therefore, it is important for learners to make use of severalguides. Institutional guides are manly shaped towards achievingcourse-specific goals which may much or less align to the generaltrend in journalism studies. There are numerous websites that providea listing of various guides on various topics available online. Oneof the sites, libguides.com(http://libguides.com/community.php?m=i&ampref=libguides.com)offers a rich listing of major student guides on journalism with mostof them affiliated to learning institutions. Essentially, accreditedlearning institutions both in and outside the US provide credibleresearch guides for journalism and other disciplines offered at theinstitution. For example USC has http://libguides.usc.edu/journalism,University of California Berkeley hashttp://guides.lib.berkeley.edu/subject-guide/92-Journalism,while University of Missouri hashttp://libraryguides.missouri.edu/journalism.

Another book thatserves as a soft of guide in journalism is the book by Elliot Kingand Jane Chapman titled “Key Readings in Journalism” published byRoutledge. This book is presented as a primary text forundergraduate students in journalism. It features over thirstyentries by different writers and a healthy appendix for furtherresearch.

Databases

There are various databases that provide journals articles related tojournalism that students undertaking a course in journalism can relyon for their research. Where general databases such as Google scholar(https://scholar.google.com/), JSTOR (http://www.jstor.org/) Sage(http://sage-ereference.com/publicstart?authRejection=true), Questia(https://www.questia.com/) and EBCOHOST (https://www.ebscohost.com/)provide sources across various disciplines, they allow researchers tonarrow down their search topics to journalism and other relatedtopics. The key benefit that databases provide over other types ofsources is that most of the articles published in such databases arefrom recognized journals that insist on peer-reviews beforepublishing. This means that the information contained in such sourceshas already been examined for robustness clarity and that the authorof such articles have a knowledgeable background in the discipline orsubject addressed.

Journals

As for journals, there are several journals that deal withjournalism. However, a search at various databases reveals thatmajority of the journals published pertain to communication as ageneral topic. These journals can also be useful for journalismstudents. Nonetheless, it is first important to exhaust searchers tojournals that address journalism as a discipline as opposed tocommunications which is largely inter disciplinary. The main journalson journalism include:

  1. American journalism Review [electronic resource]. Published quarterly by the American Journalism Historians Association since 1983. Prior to that, it existed as Washington journalism review established in 1977. The review which has announced that it will cease publication at the end of 2015 provides an avenue to constructive journalism criticism. It allows researchers and practitioners an opportunity to evaluate works of journalism.

  1. Review of Journalism &amp Mass Communication. This is a peer reviewed journal prepared by the American research institute for policy development. The resource features original content in journalism related to journalisms, legal problems facing journalism and social changes and the role of journalism.

  1. Journalism &amp Mass Communication Quarterly.

This journal ispublished by Association for Education in Journalism and MassCommunication since 1924. Being one of the oldest refereed scholarlyjournals in mass communication, it provides leadership in scholarshipfor the field. Furthermore, the availability of archived journalspublished before the 1950’s gives this resource an edge over othersin providing relevant sources published earlier.

  1. Journal of mass media ethics published by Taylor &amp Francis /Routledge since 1985.

This resource coversethical and moral issues facing journalists and the field ofjournalism and media communications. The journal provides originalcontent and critical examination of case studies on media events andissues. The journal also gives priority to theoretical underpinningsthat apply to the practice of journalism.

  1. Journalism: theory, practice, and criticism.

This journal isPublished by Sage Publications since 2000 an edited by Howard Tumber,City University London, UK and Barbie Zelizer, University ofPennsylvania, USA. The journal publishes peer-reviewed articles fromacademic researchers and practitioners in the field of journalism.

  1. Journalism &amp mass communication educator [electronic resource]. The journal is published by Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication in cooperation with the Association of Schools of Journalism and Mass Communication since 1995. This journal addresses professionalism needs of the journalism educator and administrators both at college and high school levels. Some of the topics covered include trends in curriculum design, student enrollment statistics and student surveys.

  1. Journalism practice journal

It is published byRouteldge, Taylor and Francis since 2007. The journal offers peerreviewed journals in the professional filed of journalism. The factthat it addresses journalism practice does not alienate the journalfrom theory but emphasizes on issues relevant to journalists inprofessional practice. The resource can also be useful to journalismresearchers and students.

  1. Journalism studies published by Routledge since 2000.

This journal, asthe name suggests, has a stronger leaning towards journalisms as anacademic discipline as opposed to professional body. The journalexplores a wide range of journalism topics including the closelyrelated disciplines such as public relations and advertising. As aprofessional and scholarly resource, all articles are peer reviewedand can be accessed online or in print from the issues publishedthrice a year.

Factualinformation sources

Factual information sources provide irrefutable information onvarious topics. Such source may include yearbooks, directories,atlases, directories, government publications, government agencies,official organizational documents, and international agencies.Researchers can use these sources for reference to specific dates onvarious events or even access statistics on various issues. TheWashington information directory also provides directions to variousmedia sources that researchers can employ for various purposes intheir research.

Guides on factual information in this area is provided for bywebsites and also various books and journals. Some of the mostrelevant guides addressed in the project include directories forplayers in the journalism field. The American Society of Journalistsand Authors (2010) for instance, publishes an annual directory of itsmembers that can aid researchers in locating relevant media filedrelated sources.

Furthermore, government websites, organizational websites andinstitutional websites may provide critical factual informationthrough newsletters or public release of even periodical reports suchas financial reports. For instance, the United Nations website(http://www.un.org/en/index.html), World Health Organization website(http://www.who.int/en/), Bureau of labor of Statistics(http://www.bls.gov/), Center for Disease Control(http://www.cdc.gov/) and other government owned websites arevaluable sources for factual information for journalists. It is alsoimportant cite these sources when citing information. Again, giventhat these information sources release periodical reports, it isimportant to highlight the title and release of such reports to avoidconfusion.

Other notable sources of factual information sources includehttps://www.fbi.gov/for the Federal bureau of investigations and www.census.gov/for figures on statistics. Organizational websites such as thosebelonging to Apple (www.apple.com), Dell (http://www.dell.com/),Microsoft (https://www.microsoft.com/), CBS (www.cbs.com/),and Ford (www.ford.com/)can also be used to access factual information pertaining to thoseorganizations.

Referenceworksencyclopedia

Terminological sources are mostly branded as encyclopedia. From thecurrent research, books are the most common type of research guides.These sources usually take to addressing journalism as a generaltopic while others have addressed specific areas of journalism. Someof the terminological sources available are dedicated to a particulartopic in journalism while some address the discipline-wide terms.

Key terminologicalsources are

  1. Roth, Mitchel, Encyclopedia of war journalism. New York: Grey house publishing.

The book addresses journalism terminology related to war in aspecified time period (1807-2015). The wars covered in this timeperiod include the Mexican War in 1846 to the current Conflicts inthe Middle East and everything that pertains to organized crime andthe war on such crime.

  1. Sterling, Christopher (2009). Encyclopedia of Journalism, Volumes 1-6. New York: Sage.

The book combines encyclopedia entries and appendices to provide theperfect reference book for all journalism students in six volumes.The inclusion of well detailed appendices in two volumes also makesthe book a valuable research guide for journalists.

  1. Michael R. Peres, The Focal Encyclopedia of Photography. New York: Taylor &amp Francis, 2013.

This particular bookis a modern reference book for photojournalists and even freelancejournalists. The book covers a wide range of topics including historyand evolution photography, digital photography, human vision andcontemporary issues in photography among others.

  1. Johnston, Doanald. Encyclopedia of International Media and Communications, Four-Volume Set. Kumar, Encyclopaedia of Advanced Journalism and Communication Media. New York: 2003.

This reference book exists in four sets. Although it is relativelyold having been first published in 2003, it has never been updated.In spite of that, it still makes a valuable source for journalismstudents with hundreds of entries relevant to journalists andcommunication scholars.

  1. Littlejohn, Stephen and Foss, Karen. Encyclopedia of Communication Theory, Volume 1. New York: SAGE.

This books whichexists in volumes one and two contains more than 300 entries oncommunication theory as well as issues and concepts relevant to thesetheories. The book is thus not only relevant to communications’students but also journalism students who have to develop propercommunication skills and knowledge.

  1. Harcup, Tony, Dictionary of journalism, London: Oxford University Press. 2014.

This dictionary is acredible reference book for journalism researchers, practitioners andeducators. The resource covers over 1,400 entries of terminologiesrelated to the practice, business, publications, key events and otherissues related to journalism. The resource also has a well detailedlist of appendices that can aid researchers in furthering theirresearch and verifying some pieces of information.

Special formatssuch as audiovisual resources

Special format research sources in journalism may exist in variousformats as opposed to the general formats of websites, journalsarticles and books. The most common format is audiovisual materials.Some given online institutional libraries provide links to some ofthese videos which are mainly hosted on the video sharing platformYouTube. Such resources with an institutional background are the mostreliable as their authenticity and authorship is verified. Otherwise,the majority of the audiovisual content on the site that purport tobe factual or reliable as a source cannot be verified.

This is very important given that a casual search on YouTube usingthe search term “journalism research guide” produces tens ofvideos that purport to be research guides on journalism. The authorsor producers of such material cannot be verified by the researcher.The presentation of information on these videos vary a lot with someopting for video slides while accompanied by narrations out of cameraview while others present the maker of the video giving apresentation in person with the face fully exposed. For example, avideo titled “Interdisciplinary Research for Journalism Students”uploaded by Loyola University Chicago Libraries gives a generaloverview of research in journalism. Figure 1 below shows a screengrab from this video which is only two and half minutes long.

Figure1 Screen grab of video on journalism research

Additionally, it must be noted that journalism transcends severalfields such as photography, newspaper, radio, film and televisionamong others. This means that researchers in this filed can rely onexisting audiovisual content for their research purposes. There areno films identified by this guide that specifically are intruded forjournalism students but there is significant amount of knowledge thatjournalism students can learn from commercial films, TV programmingradio reporting through simple empirical observation or via any otherway. This means that various content on radio and TV that ispertained to journalism makes a potential research source. Forinstance CNN’s famous business reporter Richard Quest through hisshow ‘Quest means business can form a very interesting researchcase study on journalism practice in the field of business.

Reuters Podcast

The series ofpodcasts from the global University of Oxford and global media,Reuters, make very interesting resource materials for journalismstudents (http://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/page/podcasts).They cover different topics on the business and practice ofjournalism that both beginners and experts in journalism research canidentify with.

Section 3.Evaluation of selected sources

General guides

Elliot King andJane Chapman. Key Readings in Journalism. NewYork Routledge, 2012

This book, “Key Readings in Journalism” is not a research guideper se but it offers a starter pack for key readings for alljournalism students.

Relevance

Depth

Language level

Secondary of primary

The book offers a collection of key readings from different authors covering a wide range of topics. The first few chapters address the history of journalism as a profession with very well structured storyline and simple language that can keep any reader interested.

Currency

Date &amp update

The book was first published in 2012 and has not been updated yet. Nonetheless, it still contains reliable information relevant to journalists in the 21st century.

Reliability

Author credential

Peer review

Personal view-blogs

The introduction section of the book is written by the two authors as editors. Between them, they have immense knowledge, experience and expertise in the journalism field. Chapman holds a PHD from the London School of Economics and a pro graduate certificate in audiovisual production. She has won several awards such as 2015/16 ‘Everyday Lives in War’ – AHRC/HLF, and the 2013/2015, ‘World War One at Home’ – AHRC/BBC. Elliot King is professor at Loyola University Maryland in Media Culture and Society, Digital Culture, Travel Reporting

Some of the featured authors in the text include Michael Schudson, who is a Professor of Journalism in the Graduate School of Journalism, Columbia University, and James William Carey, a former communication theorist, media critic and a journalism instructor at Columbia University among others. All these authors featured in this text have immense experience in the field and their readings provide a practical and very student-friendly view of journalism.

Accuracy

Opinion

Bias

Domain

The book does not contain parenthetical references which show that much of the information is opinionated or subjectively biased. What the authors have done is that they have provided a selection of sources at the end of the book that have been used with permission from copyright holders. It would have been more prudent to provide citations in parentheses to afford researchers an opportunity to carry out additional research from the sources used to refer to particular information.

Accessibility

The books can be accessed from many institutional and public libraries either in print of ebook form.

Libguides.com

Libguides.com is a community site that harvests, collates, andaggregates content from institutions using the web-based softwareplatform libguides, developed by Spring share. This software allowsinterested libraries to subscribe to this software at a fee as a wayof helping ease up their library management and informationretrieval. Other services that the website offers alongside theLibGuide platform include the Libanswer/libchat software that allowscombines FAQs , chat, email, sms and even Twitter to easeinteractions between students or researchers with librarians.

Relevance

Depth

Language level

Secondary of primary

The site gives researchers access to “430,973 guides by 66,538 librarians at 4799 libraries worldwide” (libguides.com 2015). The site provides the links to these various library guides on various subjects.

All guides provided address researcher needs from beginners level to the advanced researchers level thus is relevant to different needs of users.

The resource provides a reference guide to other sources hence can be classified as a secondary source.

The site allows users to search for items either using the name of the author, any topic or even institutions.

Currency

Date &amp update

The majority of the sources accessible through the site are current ad updated regularly to keep up to date. Sampling two of the guides presented on journalism reveals they last updated December 2015 which makes them very current.

Reliability

Author credential

Peer review

Personal view-blogs

Most of the guides published in the site are developed by individual libraries affiliated with various institutional and public libraries. Although springshare is a commercial entity itself, it also publishes library guides that compete with other institutional guides. The University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign is one of the most active authors of library guides with 1108 published guides. Another active institutional author of these guides is the University of Caroline Chapel Hill.

The guide posted by university of North Carolina on media design is authored by Robert Ladd. He holds a Masters Degree in media design which makes him well qualified to guide researchers on locating sources critical in the field of media design.

Accuracy

Opinion

Bias

Domain

The guides are developed by accomplished librarians with significant work experience. As librarians, they are guided by the need to guide researchers and not express their own opinion.

Library guides developed by institutions have bias towards provide curse-specific materials and guides on various topics as opposed to promoting general research in the field.

Institutional libraries with .edu domains given them credibility as sources.

Additional comments

This makes it one of the easiest and most convenient library retrieval services to use. The guides on the site are current with most of them updated regularly and their reliability assured through the domains of .edu.

Journals

Review ofJournalism &amp Mass Communication journal

This is a peer-reviewed journal on journalism that provides relevantarticles by scholars and expert in this field on a quarterly basis.

Relevance

Depth

Language level

Secondary of primary

The journal addresses key topic in journalism including the Environment, International Opinion Writing, International Media Systems, Science Journalism, History of Journalism, Survey of Research Methods, Media Coverage of International Crises, News Analysis, International Reporting, Documentary Film in America, Journalism Practices in Europe and Africa, Journalism in Asia and Sport Journalism.

It is a credible resource for researchers in journalism both at the beginners and expert level who are interested in precise research in a narrow topic which also influences the language level used.

Currency

Date &amp update

The journal is published on a quarterly basis that makes the resource current and updated. However, the journal is not specifically dedicated to covering current issues in the field of journalism.

Reliability

Author credential

Peer review

Personal view-blogs

Articles in this journal are peer-reviewed blindly to avoid bias. In addition, the semi-annual publication of the journal ensures that the information presented is current and relevant.

The journal is available online and in print form. Several databases such as Sage and Questia, which makes it available through several institutional libraries that have subscribed to these databases, make the journal easily accessible.

Accuracy

Opinion

Bias

Domain

As earlier indicated, the topics vary widely but offer in depth research. For instance, the latest journal published in 2015 has some informative articles relevant to students. One such is Eric Dogini’s “Classroom Learning Assessment Interpretation in Journalism and Mass Communication in Higher Education: A Focus on Andragogy in Radio/ Television/ Film Production.” The journal also publishes scholarly critiques or reviews of major papers and books on journalism which makes it an effective source for accessing summarized pieces of bigger sources.

Accessibility

The journal is available online and in print form. Several databases such as Sage and Questia, which makes it available through several institutional libraries that have subscribed to these databases, make the journal easily accessible.

Journal of massmedia ethics published by Routledge since 1985

This journal, currently known in full as Journal of Media Ethics:Exploring Questions of Media Morality (2015 – current) and formerlyknown as Journal of Mass Media Ethics: Exploring Questions of MediaMorality (1985 – 2014) provides a basic reading in ethics relevant toplayers in the media industry.

Relevance

Depth

Language level

Secondary of primary

The journal covers pertinent ethical and moral issues in journalism practice, education and practice. Legal aspects and ethical issues that have faced the industry in the recent past such as the drama of the News Of the World that involved hacking voicemails of celebrities are covered from a legal and ethical perspective.

The topics covered are generally narrow and informed by original research through various research methodologies

Currency

Date &amp update

The journal produces issues on a regular bases coving current topics on journalism and media ethics.

Reliability

Author credential

Peer review

Personal view-blogs

The articles published in the journal are authored by qualified professional and scholars in the field. The articles are further peer-reviewed blindly to ensure accuracy and reliability.

As a professional journal, personal views and opinions are discouraged although research subjects and choice of research methods are largely influenced by the author’s bias towards certain research methods.

Accuracy

Opinion

Bias

Domain

To ensure that professionalism and accuracy of content presented in the journal, contributors provide a list of references to their pieces of work, and the work is peer reviewed and revised where necessary.

Journalismpractice journal

It is published byRouteldge, Taylor and Francis since 2007. The journal offers peerreviewed journals in the professional field of journalism. The factthat it addresses journalism practice does not alienate the journalfrom theory but emphasizes on issues relevant to journalists inprofessional practice. The resource can also be useful to journalismresearchers and students.

Relevance

Depth

Language level

Secondary of primary

The journal offers major readings on scholarly works that lean towards the practice of journalism. As a professional resource, the language and depth of studies are better fitted to professionals as opposed to beginners in research.

Currency

Date &amp update

The journal is published three times a year by Routledge, Taylor and Francis. Published since 2007, the journal has managed to address issues relevant to journalisms in the 21st century and is thus response to new topics in journalism such as digital media, social media and blogosphere.

Reliability

Author credential

Peer review

Personal view-blogs

As a journal, the articles of the resource are peer-reviewed blindly by fellow experts in the field. The editorial board of the journal also follows a strict procedure to evaluate submissions for publishing.

Accuracy

Opinion

Bias

Domain

The journal is published in relevant databases that have strict policies on solar content. This ensures that cone tent is accurate and informed by facts and research.

Accessibility

The journal can be is published as an issue comprising of several articles. The journal can be accessed as a whole or as individual articles in every issue of the journal.

References

Sterling,Christopher (2009). Encyclopedia of Journalism,Volumes 1-6. New York: Sage.

This encyclopedia suits both students of journalism and professionaljournalists.

Not to rely on one man’s expertise, the encyclopedia has benefittedfrom contributions from some of the most prominent scholars in theindustry and institutions. It lays focus on mass media and journalismdevelopment in the US and several other countries around the worldsuch as India and Russia.

Relevance

Depth

Language level

Secondary of primary

The books exists in six volumes of which four of them provide 360 entries of A-Z key terminology in journalism while the two volumes are appendixes covering trends, issues, concepts, individuals, institutions, media outlets, and events. It focuses on mass media and journalism development in the US and several other countries around the world such as India and Russia.

Currency

Date &amp update

Although the volume was first published in 2009, it still remains relevant in capturing some critical issues that have happened in the last century in the field of media and journalism. However, there is need to update these issues if the book is to remain relevant to researchers interested in recent developments as opposed to historical content.

Reliability

Author credential

Peer review

Personal view-blogs

The encyclopedia is authored by renowned media critic and player Christopher Sterling who serves as associate Dean, Columbian College of Arts and Sciences and Emeritus Professor of Media and Public Affairs. Other contributors in the book are prominent players and scholars in the industry and institutions.

Accuracy

Opinion

Bias

Domain

The reference book highlights the growing of journalism as a profession in driving change in society and even creating political awareness and driving social change. This way, the reference book clearly underlines the stature of journalism as a profession which is important for students looking forward to join the profession.

Some of the contributors in the book have taken a personal view to their writings by clearly advocating for their opinions on various issues.

Accessibility

The book is available online from several sites and in print form. Several databases such as Sage and Questia make it available through several institutional libraries that have subscribed to these databases.

Littlejohn, Stephenand Foss, Karen. Encyclopedia of Communication Theory, Volume1. New

York: SAGE, 2009.

Relevance

Depth

Language level

Secondary of primary

The book covers several themes such as Psycho-Cognitive Orientations, Rhetorical Orientations, cultural orientations, Semiotic, Linguistic, and Discursive Orientations

Social/Interactional Orientations. All these themes are relevant to the journalism student but they are not covered in depth. The subjects are too wide to offer deep narrow topics as it seeks to cover everything in communication.

Currency

Date &amp update

First published in August 2009 but has yet to be updated.

Reliability

Author credential

Peer review

Personal view-blogs

The book is reliable as it is published by a Sage which is affiliated with scholarly works. Again the authors are well qualified in communications. Stephen Littlejohn is a conflict management expert with a specialty on communication. Karen Foss has served as a Regents’ Professor at University of New Mexico since 1983.

Accuracy

Opinion

Bias

Domain

The authors have obviously taken a bias in assembling the entries. However, the book is kept very professional with references and appendices to other works which show evidence of wide research are used consistently.

Accessibility

The books can be purchased online via several retailers in print or digital version. Amazon distributes the print version while online libraries as well as recognized library websites give access to ebooks.

Databases

Google scholar(https://scholar.google.com/)

This is a repositoryfor scholarly content provided free of charge by the Google. As asearch provider for scholarly content, the database provides accessboth to free and paid-for sources identified through users searchwords

Relevance

Depth

Language level

Secondary of primary

Covers wide topics with journalism being just one of them. Language level on most contents varies from beginner to advanced depending on the individual source.

Currency

Date &amp update

Researchers can adjust the search tools to access resources from different time periods. This means it can provide the latest resources in journalism.

Reliability

Author credential

Peer review

Personal view-blogs

Very reliable as it is guided by search terms used by the researcher. The author credentials cannot be verified by the database but evaluating the publishing source or host website

Accuracy

Opinion

Bias

Domain

The database does not guarantee purely accurate information. There are no clear verification procedures for content featured on the database.

Accessibility

Accessible free of charge online.

JSTOR

JSTOR is a paid-forrepository for online content. The database serves as a repositoryfor journals, books and other research materials that can be usedboth by professional journalists and journalism students as well aseducators.

Relevance

Depth

Language level

Secondary of primary

The database contains a wide range of scholarly resources with journalism being one of the topics covered. The repository is designed for intermediate and advanced scholars and thus the language level is above average.

Currency

Date &amp update

The database is regularly updated with the latest scholarly material from various sources

Reliability

Author credential

Peer review

Personal view-blogs

Articles for submission into the repository are vetted and only scholarly peer-reviewed journals are featured in the repository. Credentials of authors of articles are also used to vet articles and journals.

Accuracy

Opinion

Bias

Domain

Opinion articles, blogs are not present. The repository can only be accessed after paying for the subscription which can be done at individual or institutional level. At institutional libraries, the database can be accessed via .edu domains of various libraries subscribed to the domain.

Accessibility

Can be accessed through main institutional libraries subscribed to the repository or directly on its website.

Other formatsources

Reuters Podcast

The series ofpodcasts from the global University of Oxford and global media,Reuters, make very interesting resource materials for journalismstudents. They cover different topics on the business and practice ofjournalism that both beginners and experts in journalism research canidentify with.

Relevance

Depth

Language level

Secondary of primary

Relevant to both learners and professionals in the field of journalism. The depth of these podcasts is limited with most of them being interview recordings or recording on conference presentations and proceedings.

Currency

Date &amp update

The podcasts are current given that they present industry developments on a regular basis.

Reliability

Author credential

Peer review

Personal view-blogs

The authenticity of some of the podcasts cannot be verified in a scholarly manner. The most accurate way to ascertain their authenticity is relying on the publishing source.

In one or another, they can be similar to blogs where individual who claim to have the expertise express their opinions. Since information and qualifications cannot be verified or reviews, their reliability as scholarly sources is significantly low.

Accuracy

Opinion

Bias

Domain

The accuracy of information cannot be guaranteed.

Accessibility

Easily accessible from the Reuters institute website at the University of Oxford portal without the need for subscription.

Conclusion

From the research on various sources presented above, there are someissues that come out clearly. One of them is that each type ofresource to be used in journalism research or any other disciplinehas its strengths and weaknesses. It is therefore important thatresearchers understand their research needs and match these researchneeds to the relevant resources in the suited category. A healthy mixof resources where strengths and weaknesses of each category balanceout should be used. Where there is a mismatch between the researchneeds and the sources used, the objectives of the research may not beachieved. The second issue that comes clearly is that there is needfor extensive and expansive research. There are numerous resourcesthat researchers can never exhaust. The choice of search terms insearching and assessing the relevance and validity of researchsources determine the quality and reliability of informationobtained, which impacts the quality of final work produced. The othercore issue that comes put is that readers should seek to alignresources. This means that different types of resources should beused in research such as factual information sources, books andjournal articles. Again, researcher should strategically useresources by identifying resources that have a similar argument andthose that have a contrasting argument to the research topic or toother sources. This approach ensures that the final research piecehas enough depth and is critical. In consideration of the aboveissues, it is important that journalism researchers first acquaintthemselves with journalism guides that provide a brief overview oftopics covered and the resources available to carry out theirresearch. Thus, the author is very helpful that this guide hasachieved its goal of being a resource guide through which one canidentify the key resources for journalism students in college.

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