is a disease that involves the production of abnormal bloodcells by the bone marrow. The abnormal cells replace the healthywhite blood cells in the body. It is worth stating that the abnormalcells multiply quickly in the body (Harmon, 2014). is a formof cancer that affects the blood and the bone marrow. Researchers inbody cells and other health experts are yet to identify the rootcause of leukemia. However, there are various risk factors which areassociated with leukemia (Scheinberg & Jurcic, 2013). Exposure toradiation has been identified as a risk factor for leukemia. Downsyndrome has also been identified as risk factor for leukemia.Researchers have additionally identified exposure to benzene as arisk factor. Infections such as HIV are associated with thedevelopment of leukemia as well (Harmon, 2014).
The survival rate for people with leukemia has been increasing overthe years since the 1960s. This is due to the increased research anddevelopment of modern treatment methods. Currently, the survival ratefor patients with leukemia is 60% (Harmon, 2014). It is essential tostate that in 1960, the survival rate was only 14%. Out of the 54,270new leukemia cases in America each year, 24,450 do not survive(Harmon, 2014). The new infections constitute 3% of all the newcancer cases.
Having had a daughter who suffered leukemia at the age of 10 years,I can confidently say that having a close relative suffering fromleukemia brings the fear of his or her survival, as well as thefinancial burden to the family. is one of the most expensiveailments to treat today with costs of treatment running to hundredsof thousands of dollars. The cost of treating leukemia applies bothto insured and the people without insurance (Harmon, 2014).
Harmon, D. E. (2014). : Current and emerging trendsin detection and treatment. New York: Rosen Pub.
Scheinberg, D. A., & Jurcic, J. G. (2013). Treatment ofleukemia and lymphoma. Amsterdam: Elsevier.