How are the Fears of Imperial Britain Reflected in Dracula’s Vampirism?

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How are the Fears of Imperial Britain Reflected in Dracula’sVampirism?

It is clear that the presence of vampires around the local area orsociety has radical changes or negative impacts to the surrounding,as indicated in Dracula stories. The Imperial Britain confrontsdangers, and it fears a ton for its well-being after a creature choseto live among them. Before the end of this script, we would haveunderstood why the royal Britain fears of the existence of Dracula (avampire) around them.


In the novel Dracula 1897, Bram Stoker explains how late-Victorianexpectations connected with the falling of the imperial British.Dracula is the innermost sign for both outer and inner fear regardingBritish community and imperialism.

Dennison claims that Dracula is “the most powerful and complicatedcharacter,” it threatens both the whole imperial British societyand the souls of its citizens. Dracula risks human civilization. Hiscapacity to outdo moments and outlast societies mirrors his inhumanand unnatural being. A researcher and expert of the mysterious, VanHelsing, clarifies that their adversary Dracula is distinguished as avampire, an immortal that is not alive (cf. Stoker). In this way, itdoes not die, it survives century to century, nourishing afterfeeding on the blood of human beings (Stoker).


A vampire may change himself into one of those shrewd animals, becomeeither small, taller, or much more youthful (cf. Stoker). At longlast, he can utilize these forces keeping in mind the end goal toselect better than average people as his supporters, transformingthem into &quotunclean creatures in the nighttime like him&quot(Stoker). He reflects certain late-Victorian nerves of degeneration,sexuality, and attack prompting a universal trepidation to aconceivable breakdown of the imperial British. The individuals wereon edge about the straightforwardness by which progress might returntowards boorishness before viciousness&quot (Brantlinger), ImperialBritish was very worried in the midst of the virtue and safeguardingof social restrictions (cf. Spencer), particularly with respect tosexual orientation and group parts. The rise of the “New Woman”,who yearns to be legitimately free, going after equity, politicalsupport, and appropriate instruction, additionally wishes to end upsexually autonomous, tested the social request of British society, inthis way destabilizing the Empire from the inside. Along these lines,even since ladies must be the ideal wife and mother, submissive totheir spouses and looking after their kids, they should guarantee theendurance of the British imperial community. Individual goals,particularly sexual goals, must be restricted for the benefit of all.Be that as it may, this idea was debilitated in emerging biased andcommunal requests of self-confidence together with trying ladies.This debasement of civilization and the entity is embodied incourtesy of Dracula.

Brantlinger says that &quotDracula undermines making a satanickingdom of the deceased from the living imperial British&quot, inthis manner, imperiling the British &quotracial stock&quot anddevelopment by a conceivable contamination using outside intruders(cf. Spencer). Mc Kee supplementary expounds conceivable outcomes ofnational deterioration of worry to the late Victorians: thatEnglishman overseas is to be retained in a stranger and ancientsociety on account of his inside personal shortcomings that arefurther grounded.

Hiding in plain sight

Dracula doesn’t concentrate on one component of English being,however, means to conclude being completely gifted researcher, readyto comprehend and talk about each aspect of English progress

By concentrating on the English history, governmental issues,political economy, and law, Dracula can investigate and comprehendthe British society in all its distinctive perspectives. He gets anindispensable understanding out of spotlight and premise of humanprogress and culture by investigating its history, accordinglylikewise appreciating its &quottraditions and behavior&quot (Stoker25). He had checked on the guide a portion of the spots he would wantto fabricate a mansion. By majoring in the English dialect, Draculaproceeded the initial phase to assault the British Empire beginningfrom inside of (cf. Ferguson). Untouchable has turned into aninsider, ready to act like an individual from British society.

Home grown.

Dracula`s longing was to be in the focal point of humankind, thecapitalism of the imperial British, furthermore the wellspring of itsmagnificent supremacy. &quotLondon, using its `abounding thousandsand millions,` is the legitimate spot convenient for Dracula&quot.The principal or capital of the British Empire that is the biggestand wealthiest city (Dennison), is not topographically the perfectarea to attack. Furnishing Dracula has the chance to attack thecapital city of the Western community and also offers few extensive,conceivable supporters and casualties to Dracula, keeping in mind endgoal to wind up &quotthe father or furtherer of another request ofcreatures. Therefore, it is in this position, in London, whereDracula preserves conveniently to win completely in assaultingcreature(human) development and setting up &quota country of bloodsuckers&quot (Dennison Dracula debilitates the contemporarycommunity by attacking their individual Empire, their principal andtheir residence. In reflecting &quotEnglish majestic exercisesabroad,&quot Dracula debilitates British society itself, in thismanner delineating a conceivable danger from within. Accordingly,society gets to be mindful of inside issues and perils bringing abouta conceivable destruction of the Empire created by inner dangers.

Subsequently, London as the heart of human progress is by allaccounts the ideal focus for Dracula`s undertaking to make anothervampire kingdom in an attack on the imperial British.


Taking a look at the components of Dracula, he always boosts onpeople that he picks up their quality and essentialness from, changehimself into wild creatures and gets to be more youthful again. &quotHisface was a solid – exceptionally solid – hooked, with elevatedscaffold, slim nose and particularly curved nostrils in the midst ofgrand bound brow, and hair becoming insufficiently round thesanctuaries, and being lavish in other places. His eyebrows wereexceptionally monstrous, very nearly assembling above the nostrils,and shaggy hair which appeared to twist in its personal abundance.The oral cavity, so outlying as it should have been obvious below thesubstantial mustache, is settled and somewhat unsympatheticappearing, with curiously jagged white canine teeth, these projectedabove the lips, whose surprising bronze color indicated shockingimperativeness in an aged man.(Stoker).these elements recommendedthat Dracula was constructed for chasing individuals as prey simplylike creature. To exacerbate it he could change into creatures, forexample, bat and wolf that made it troublesome for individuals tounderstand that there is a &quothuman&quot beast strolling insideof or among them. This is an immense risk to majestic Britainbecause a ton of lives will be lost in the nourishing procedure.Dracula encourages on person blood many people will pass on, andtheir bodies will go unrecognized to forestall lawful issues.Termination influences significant elements of the general public andthe economy all in all for case No kids to go to class who will bethe future leaders? No doctors, who will treat the wiped out? Everyone of these issues will all tumble down to the British realm. On theoff chance that Dracula bolstered on every one of them, the generalpublic is liable to endure to annihilation. As the male should bedynamic, ready to introduce sexual yearnings, and the femaleconstrained to resignation, to &quotendure stay composed&quot(Craft), Harker`s compliance turns around these sex parts. The ladiesabruptly get to be dynamic specialists, and enchantresses of betterthan average Victorian soldiers and grabbing their personalsexuality.

In any case, not only is Harker, who is pulled in by the femalevampire but Van Helsing, who governs in this manner continuallycommunicating his veneration with Mina, the &quotgreat lady&quot(Stoker), concedes fascination confronting the female vampire (cf.Stoker). In this way, his just choice with a specific end goal toprotect his personal uprightness and respect is to slaughter thefemale vampires to kill them (cf. Stoker). The vicinity with theintention of imperils the fellowship`s sexual personality, therefore,must be obliged to be annihilated to refurbish once transforming intoa vampire Lucy turns out to be more sexualized. At the outset, sheis by all accounts an innocent young lady concentrated immediately onmany men and her desire to wind up a companion. As she advises thecompanion Mina, she is determined to acquire twenty years of age in acouple of days or months yet at the same time &quotby no means had aproposition up to now. It gets to be clear that marriage assumes anoteworthy part in her life. In this way, the possibility of settlingdown energizes her despite the fact that she ponders &quotwhywouldn`t they be able to let a young lady wed three men or the samenumber that need her&quot (Stoker 132). This thought as of nowundermines society as Lucy &quotwon`t restrain herself to smalltime&quot (Spencer 87) accordingly hinting her coming fate commonrequest of society. At last, Lucy and the vampire couples speak tothe Modern Woman ladies worried with their personal particularsexual longings are therefore executed in respect of restore thecommon and conventional request of the imperial British ( Kline 67).The arrangement hence &quotplace in favor society over sex keepingin mind end goal to safeguard the country&quot Spencer .this is atype of unethical behavior that will influence the English domainsince ladies are out for the sexual joy as opposed to building upfamilies in the right way. Changing of character to a negativedemeanor and conduct will improve corrupt characters. Vampire(Dracula) assault to Mina is extensively more debilitating so as tohis assault to Lucy. Through assaulting &quotguiltless plusunadulterated wedded lady&quot (Kline 23) Dracula attacks thecapitalism of British community, the cherishing and minding wife.


Dracula is the true threat to the imperial British since he disguiseshimself among the citizens of the land. Due to his feeding nature theBritish civilization will collapse because vampirism spreads fastthrough blood, there will be no human to hunt on if vampirism goesout of hand and hence there will be no British civilization.

Works cited

  • Arata, Stephen D. The Occidental Tourist. “Dracula” and the Anxiety of Reverse Colonization. In: Bram Stoker. Dracula. New York: W. W. Norton &amp Company, 1997.

  • Dennison, Michael J. “Dracula” and Entropy. “On Moonlight Rays as Elemental Dust”. In: Vampirism. Literary Tropes of Decadence and Entropy. New York: Peter Lang Publishing. 2001.

  • Kline, Salli J. The Degeneration of Women. Bram Stoker’s Dracula as Allegori-cal Criticism of the Fin de Siècle. Rheinbach-Merzbach: CMZ-Verl., 1992.

  • Spencer, Kathleen L. “Purity and Danger: Dracula, the Urban Gothic, and the Late Victorian Degeneracy Crisis.” ELH 59.1 (Spring, 1992).

  • Jason Colavito, “On Dracula and Dionysus” (2013). (accessed 7/ 12/2014).

  • Leonard Wolf, A Dream of Dracula: In Search of the Living Dead (Boston: Little Brown,(1972), 222-23.

  • Helsabeck, Keith Hinkleman, M.A. “Chasing After Monsters with a Butterfly

Net:” The Victorian Approach to Vampires in Stoker’sDracula. (2008)

Directed by Dr. Annette M. Van.

  • Daly, Nicholas. “Incorporated bodies: Dracula and the rise of professionalism” TexasStudies in Literature and Language 39 (1997): 181-202.

  • Craft, Christopher. “Kiss Me with Those Red Lips” Gender and Inversion in Bram Stoker’s “Dracula”. In: Bram Stoker. Dracula. New York: W. W. Norton &amp Company, 1997. 444-459.

  • Stoker, Bram. Dracula: Case Studies in Contemporary Criticism. Ed. John Paul Riquelm. New York: Palgrave, 2002

  • McKee, Patricia. “Racialization, Capitalism, and Aesthetics in Stoker’s Dracu-la.” NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction 36.1 (Autumn, 2002): 42-60.

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