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is a chronic disease that has affected a vast number of people in theworld. The disease is said to have originated from central Africa inthe early 1800’s. Researchers claim that it came from thechimpanzees that were being hunted and eaten by the human beings. Thedisease mutated from a known disease called simian immunodeficiencyvirus that`s found in chimpanzees to the known . According tothe world health organization close to 40 million people are infectedwith and 32 million people have died from the disease. stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquiredimmunodeficiency virus (Dick,2006)


Motivesfor choosing the chronic disease

Itis proven that the illness is a worldwide catastrophe and thestatistics given show that nearly 2 million people are infected with. If proper measures are not taken the disease will crippleand kill a lot of people, yet some incentives can reduce the numberof deaths (Dick,2006).The number of children affected by is another reason thatmake one to take an initiative to curb the disease. It estimated thatapproximately 220,000 are infected with , and their mothersinfect a majority during childbirth. It is painful to learn that aninnocent child when brought to this world, will be infected with and a life subjected to drugs.

Itis important to try and limit the number of people being infectedwith the virus by creating a proper plan to help those that areinfected with the virus. With the scientific advancements made it ispossible to treat the disease and the life expectancy of anindividual increase (Dick,2006). also affects people who are not infected indirectly, forexample, the breadwinner of the family may get , which leadsto the family starving.

Theplan of care

Personswho are infected with the virus need a lot of care so that they canlive longer and prevent them from spreading the disease. The plan ofcare does not involve the infected party only but also the healthypeople who are indirectly infected. There are a couple of proceduresthat I would ensure they are taken by the group of individuals whoare infected with the virus (Dick,2006).Theplan of care might not show progress when enacted but with due time,the progress will be evident. The following will be the plan of carefor the infected group.

I)Displaying love, respect and support.

Themost important to step to fighting the disease is showing love,respect and support to the infected. Such noble actions will make aperson with not give up on his/her life and try to fight thedisease to live longer. We have situations whereby a patient infectedwith the virus commits suicide because of isolation by the familymembers. It is important to involve close relatives and friends ofthe patients so they can feel that they are still relevant no matterthe circumstances. The road to recovery is never easy for patientswith the virus, at times they have a mental breakdown and this wheresupport from the family comes in(Dick, 2006)

ii)Spreading the facts about

Researchdone has indicated that there a couple of myths that are not truethat have been passed around to people about . Such myths arethat if you touch a patient with the virus one can get infected.Another myth that is common is where we have people saying that ifyou use an item utilized by an infected person, you are going to getinfected with the virus. Such items may include plates, shoes,clothes, etc.

Itis important that we educate people on the real facts about because the plans for care depend on each other. If people are shownthe proper way to handle people who are infected, then it is easierto help individuals who are infected with the virus. The peopleshould also be taught various ways in which they can get the virusand how they can avoid such situations.

iii)Stress and Stressful circumstances

Mostpatients who are usually infected with the virus are very stressedbecause as earlier said they tend to think that their lives aremeaningless or worthless. Stress can be mainly brought about by themyths that people tell each other such myths are usually associatedwith death. Death is inevitable for everyone, but the difference ishow long does want to live. Patients with the virus can live a properlife if they take their medications and are assured the same lifespan as a healthy person.

Itis better for patients with the virus to be given psychologicalsessions so as to avoid them getting stressed or being in stressfulsituations. The move will ensure that the road to recovery will beshort.

iv)Provide a balanced diet and nutritious meals

Thephysical symptoms of have a tremendous weight loss, and thismakes the body weak. It is important to provide a properly balancedmeal to the patients because of the effects of the virus. Themedication is given to the patients also requires one to be eatingproper meals, this will help the body to go back to its former form.We should ensure that the infected never skip a meal, and they arealways given a very well balanced meal and nutritious food.

V)Use of medication

There’smedication for patients who are infected with the virus themedication is not a cure, but it greatly helps in suppressing thevirus. The drug is called antiretroviral therapy commonly known asARV. The medication is usually given to patients for free inalmost all the countries. The medication is to be taken every day bythe patient, and they should avoid missing taking the drug(Dick, 2006)

Ithas never been easy for patients to be consistent in taking the drugbecause to some the drug becomes irritating to is importantto ensure that the patients take the drugs because without the drugsthey will not be able to live longer.

VI)Encourage patients to visit the hospital when sick

The virus tends to weaken the immune system in the body hence iteasy for patients to get other diseases because the immune system isnot strong enough. It is important to encourage them to visit thehospital the moment they are sick. A majority of the people with thevirus die from such diseases that take advantage of the weak immunesystem (Dick,2006).


Thefollowing plan will ensure that the people living with the virus canlive a longer life than as they expected. It is important to takecare of the people who are infected with the virus if we don’t knowwe are going to suffer both directly and indirectly. The plan willalso reduce the number of people being infected with the virusbecause they will know the facts about the virus.


Dick,B. (2006). Preventing in young people: a systematic review of the evidence fromdeveloping countries(No. 938). D. A. Ross, &amp J. Ferguson (Eds.). Geneva: World HealthOrganization.

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