Healthcareand Immigration Policy Formulation
Healthcareand Immigration Policy Formulation
Thehealthcare policy formulation in America is a shared process,involving all the arms of the government in coming up with therelevant decisions and implementation of the formulated policies. Forinstance, the legislature determines the services the governmentplans to fund and establish the members of the society upon which theprogram is meant to benefit. The legislature finances the educationof healthcare providers thus, determining the quality of the workersdirectly(Nadeau et al, 2014).The legislature determines the healthcare provider to handle specificresponsibilities as well as the payment for various services renderedby the health care providers. The legislature also determines thevalidity of the controlled substances and the various devices used inhospitals as well as other medical aspects regarding patients`safety.
Thejudiciary arm of the government is entrusted with the interpretationof the health care laws (Nadeauet al., 2014).It helps to ascertain the validity of the healthcare practitionersand hospitals regarding compliance with the set medical practicelegal guidelines. The executive branch of the government approves anddevelops further rules to help in interpreting the laws regardingimplementation of the healthcare programs (Nadeauet al., 2014).Several departments within the executive branch of the governmentfacilitate properly streamlined formulation and implementation of thehealthcare policy. These various departments include bodies ofspecialized professionals who use their specialty to ensure there areaccountability and comprehensive assessment of the healthcare policy.This is considering that the specialists in mention are comprised ofinter-party professionals who incorporate their vast knowledge andskills in advancing the formulated policies.
Onthe other side, the immigration policy as well is a responsibility ofthe three arms of the government. The executive arm proposeslegislation reforms on the policy and sign recommendations from thelegislature into law (Chacón,2012).It as well implements the immigration policies formulated by thelegislative branch. The legislature for a very long time has beenmanaging the immigration regulations by establishing unifiednaturalization immigration laws(Davy, Meyers & Batalova, 2005).The judiciary as well helps to protect and safeguard theinterpretation of the constitution, to ensure that the rights of theimmigrants, as well as the legal guidelines set by the state, areclearly followed. In a major way, the legislative branch of thegovernment dominates the immigration policy. This is because itformulates all the laws regarding their entry into the country, theirattainment of the work permit as well as the legality of being in thecountry. Chacón (2012) asserts that in the past, the executive andthe judiciary who played it to their advantage especially in responseto foreign policy and labor relations majorly dominated theimmigration policy. This is in response to the various companies thatrequire the cheap labor offered by the immigrants to avoid thesecompanies from taking their production overseas.
Mostof the federal policies formulated by the government or theopposition face a lot of criticism and or opposition from both sidesdepending on either the party interest or personal interest. Thehealth care policy, for instance, had serious healthcare insuranceissues that have brought more divisiveness along the partyaffiliation than any other issue (Harwood,2014). The party affiliation and differences in ideology dominate thepartisan politics revolving around the healthcare policy issues thanthe public interest in general. According toHarwood,(2014), the partisan conflicts exist in a major way because of theparty supremacy battles and not because of policy issues in mostcases. Whereas the Democratic Party feels that they are expanding theMedicare affordability to become affordable to all, the Republicansargue that the healthcare policy has made it expensive only that thepayment period has been slightly extended. Thus, they argue that thepolicy does not favor the common Americans economically in the end.On the other side, the immigration policy has been more of a levelplays ground for both the Democratic Party and the Republicans. Thisin a major way has been because of the decisiveness of thelegislative responsibility upon which the issue has been fullyentrusted upon the legislature (Davyet al., 2005). In most cases, the immigration policy has revolved around issuesthat are of national interest and especially national security. Theother major issue revolving around the immigration policy is thecheap specialized labor that is offered by the immigrants. The twoissues offer public interests on matters of security and cheap laborfor the American companies, which are the major source of revenue forthe American government at times threaten to shift their productionoverseas should the federal government limit the legality of theimmigrants working in the United States of America. The immigrationpolicy though may not face completely uniform support across theboard, compared to the healthcare policy, enjoys a great deal ofcross-party support.
Chacón,J. M. (2012). The Transformation of Immigration Federalism. William& Mary Bill of Rights Journal,21(2),2013-92.
Davy,M., Meyers, D. W., & Batalova, J. (2005). Who does what in USimmigration. MigrationInformation Source,1.
Harwood,J.(2014), In Partisan Washington, Health Law Faces Grave LegalTechnicalities NewYork Times Press.
Nadeau,R., Bélanger, É., Pétry, F., Soroka, S. N., & Maioni, A.(2014). HealthCare Policy and Opinion in the United States and Canada(Vol. 17). Routledge.