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EXAM QUESTIONS 5

SECTION A: Selected 5 Questions

Question 3: Causes and consequences of Cuban Missile crisis

The cause of the Cuban missile crisis was because Fidel Castro feareda US invasion of Cuba in 1962 due to his ties with the USSR.Therefore, he agreed Khrushchev of USSR to send missiles to Cuba todeter any possible invasion by the USA. The consequence was J FKennedy responding by putting the military on high alert. After a fewdays, Kennedy opted for silent diplomacy to solve the crisis. Theconcluding consequences were USSR removes missiles from Cuba and theUSA pledged no invasion. In addition, the USA also removed missilesfrom Turkey.

Question 6, Define the Cold war

The Cold War was a supremacy battle between the USA and the USSR.They both wanted to control the world by instilling their ideologieson other weaker countries. The USA stood by the capitalist kind ofeconomy while the USSR was in support of the socialist kind ofeconomy. Although there was no actual war between the two, theirrivalry created tension in the world. It also led to the disunity ofmany countries- for instance, Germany split into East and WestGermany.

Question 7: Demographic of soldiers going to war in Vietnam

Most of them were young ranging from 22 to 30 years old. They camefrom poor backgrounds, or the working class. They were mainly youngpeople of color. The government introduced the compulsory drafting ofall able-bodied males. This action created a larger percentage ofmale soldiers than there were female soldiers.

Question 9: Legislative Acts between 1964 and 1965 and theirsignificance

The civil Rights Act of 1964 banned legal discrimination of AfricanAmericans. In addition, it led to the formation of an inquiry toinvestigate racial discrimination during employment. The votingrights Act of 1965 allowed the registration of all Adult Americans asvoters. It bestowed voting rights on some African Americans groupsthat had initially been isolated. Other minorities such as NativeAmericans could also vote.

Question 10: Third World Countries

The term was used to refer to poor countries. However, it laterturned to be a racial reference of countries in Africa, Asia, LatinAmerica and Middle East. The term does not apply in the modern worlddue to its racial connotations. Currently, the politically correctterm for referring to poor countries is developing countries.However, some people still claim the term is racial profiling.

SECTION B: 2 Essays

Question 1: Sources of international conflict between the USA andUSSR

The USA wanted to halt nuclear proliferation in other countries. Onthe other hand, the USSR was busy building its arsenal of weapons.This competition led to an arms race between the two countries. JFKennedy increased his nuclear weapons by 150% to further spiral thearms race. Strained relationships between the USA and Cuba made thelatter to be closer to the USSR. The goals of the USA were to createa world of capitalism while the USSR was for socialism. When the USAand USSR could not agree on the issue of Vienna in 1961, tensionsgrew higher. The plan by the USA to launch missiles to Cuba createdspeculation. Cuba was an ally of the USSR, and the speculation was onwhether the USSR would retaliate or not. In essence, the supremacybattles between the two led to the Cold War.

Question 4: African Americans’ adoption of radical measures

In the early 60’s, there were lots of activism, especially by youngAmericans. Civil rights groups were fighting for a greater society tobefit the American dream. African Americans opted to join the waveand demand for equal rights. The new deal coalition caused more angerin young Americans and African American. Slow progress compelledAfrican Americans to adopt radical approaches. Radical forms ofprotest among African Americans included visiting “Whites Only”establishments, student activism, and violence against police andlooting of white- owned property. They also organized non- violentprotests in the backdrop of White violence. Results involved arrests,assassinations and police brutality. Their efforts began to bearfruits in 1963 when African Americans were first registered asvoters, legal segregation was abolished, and equal employmentopportunities were availed.

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