Europe Post 1945

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EuropePost 1945

1.The U.S and Britain had a close relationship and were allies duringthe World War II (Encyclopedia Britannica). However, the relationshipbetween the U.S and the Soviet Union was a complex one withcomplicated ideological, political and economic differences leadingto bitter superpower rivalry and clashes between the two nations forpower and control of the world (Encyclopedia Britannica). However,despite this rivalry, the two nations allied to oppose the GermanNazi army during the World War II (Buchanan 27).

2.The Tehran conference was attended by the big three allied leaders(Soviet Union, United States, and the United Kingdom) reached aunanimous decision to open a fight the German Nazi army (Buchanan32). This decision gave these three allied powers at war advantagethat led to the defeat of the Nazi army.

3.The most notable German Second World War crime was the Holocaustwhere more than six million Jews and millions of other people losttheir lives to the Nazi army in an attempt to “cleanse” theGerman race (Buchanan 19). Attempts to bring justice were through theNuremberg trials where the Allied forces prosecuted the prominentmilitary, political and economic leaders of the Nazi Germany whoperpetrated the war crimes (Encyclopedia Britannica).

4.During the World War II, some countries allied with the Germans as aresult of the diplomatic efforts of the Germans and so as to securetheir expansionist interests. The collaborators were driven bynationalism, ethnic hatred, and opportunism (EncyclopediaBritannica). After the World War II, the German partners dissolvedtheir alliance on with a question on whether they should also betried being raised.

5.One of the major historical events in the world is the cold war. Thiswas as a result of tension that was experienced immediately afterWWII between the United States (western region), and the easternregion (the Soviet Union and its allies). The war was experiencedaround late 1940s until when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991.Numerous factors were attributed to the eruption of the war betweenthe two regions. The major cause was the rivalry between the tworegions and their quest to dominate the world hence led to war inprocess of determining the powerful regime/side (Buchanan 42).

Thecold was also contributed by the hate that existed between the tworegions. I.e., the Americans feared communist attack, while theSoviet Union region disliked capitalism which was in practice amongthe Americans. The Americans refused to share their nuclear secreteswhich in turn purported the USSR’s to gang against them, henceeruption of cold war. Finally, the war came as the Soviet Unionlooked forward to secure their western border, which in turn was seenby the Americans as invasion of their territory. In the acts ofprotecting their region, cold war erupted between the regions(History).

6.Following the defeat of the Nazi army, Germany was divided into twoglobal blocs. It lost its territories to Poland and the Soviet Union.Two states emerged the Federal Republic of Germany in the West andthe German Democratic Republic in the East (Buchanan 39).

7.The ending of World War II marked the transformation period for manyof the warring nations, with most of them looking forward towardsrebuilding their nation after the damage from the WWII. On theeconomic front, the Great Britain is one nation that experiencedmassive economic progress and prosperity which run all the way toaround 1970s. This was as a result of massive development in terms oftechnology and industrialization which was catalyzed by availabilityof raw material for the upcoming industries as well as labor. More sothere was enough market available for the farm produce, hencepositive aspects in terms of economic development.

Additionally,in terms of political stability and system, the country looked toadopt individualistic political aspects. This was marked by taking ofvarious legal strides such as abolishment of capital punishment. Thecountry was under the leadership of two parties which were the LaborParty and the conservative Party. Finally, just like there wasmassive development and evolution in terms of politics and economic,the same was experienced in terms social aspects defining thesociety.

8.Theend of World War II marked a very significant period in all thenations involved globally. Each nation looked to re-establish itseconomic, political and social platforms as they underwent throughtransformation. One of the notable changes in France after the WorldWar II aftermath, the nation passed a new constitution in 1946. Thisinitiative led to the establishment of parliamentary form ofgovernment hence changing the nation’s political definition.

Inaddition to adoption anew political system, France also experienced achange or transformation in its economic aspects. Economically, theperiod after WWII marked the prosperity. Due to technologyinnovation, availability of labor and raw material, there was massivedevelopment of the nation’s economic front (Buchanan 55). Thepost-war time was succeeded by constant economic, industrial andtechnological growth. Finally, the social aspect of the Frenchcommunity was also under transformation after the WWII, as the Frenchadopted socialist movement. Due to technological and improvedcommunication, the movement in the nation was improved. In addition,as time progressed the role of women continued to change is more andmore were involved in national affairs.

9.West Germany experienced an “economic miracle” in the 1950s and1960s, despite being devastated by losing World War II (History). Thecountry instituted benefited from the Marshall plan where the U.Sprovided financial support to rebuild the country (Buchanan 40).Millions of people also immigrated to West Germany from the East toescape the Soviets. The West Germans demanded an economy free of thestate leading to a social economy that catered for all.

10.Italy also experienced enormous economic growth since the end ofWorld War II to the late 1960s. Italy also experienced socialdevelopment that transformed it from a poor and rural nation to anindustrialized one. As a result, there was immigration from the ruraltowns to the cities. Italy was also one of the founders of theEuropean common market that offered several investment opportunities.Politically, Italy was ruled by a strong communist party.

11.During the World War II, Soviet Union proved to one of the powers toreckon with in the entire war period. Even after the war, the SovietUnion continued to dominate and control Eastern Europe. With regardto how they did this, after the war ended, the Soviet Union continuedto keep their military troops in the eastern region. The Soviet Unionused its powerful military and internationally acknowledged influenceover Eastern Europe to dominate nations in the region (History).

Regardingthe aspect of why this happened, the Warsaw Pact guaranteed theSoviet Union military protection by the Soviet client states(Buchanan 137). This in turn led to the extended period of themilitary in the Eastern region. In addition, Stalin was a paranoidleader and looked forward to building a bloc made of communistnations around him with an intention of spreading the communist typeof governance to the east.

12.The making and abolishment of Soviet Union was marked when itsstaunch leader Stalin died. Initially, when Stalin died he wasregarded as a hero and was greatly honored. However, his honor wasshort lived as his methods and dictatorship. After Stalin death theincoming leader (Nikita Khrushchev) orchestrated the de-Stalinizationprocess that included removal of Stalin’s body from the red square(History).

Nikitasigned a treaty with the U.S and Britain banning atmospheric nucleartests in 1963 before he got replaced. However, before his leadershiptime ended, he led the union troops towards the capture of berlin in1945. In addition, he also led the Soviet Union towards therealization of an understanding regarding postwar spheres ofinfluence in Europe. This was done in Potsdam Summit conference.

13.Following Stalin’s death, political purges swept across EasternEurope with the aim of eliminating communist governance. This rootedout autonomous leaders from Moscow. It also mobilized the EasternEurope for war.

14.Berlin was the centerpiece of the Cold War and sometimes the frontline during combat (History). Berlin territory got divided into Eastand West with the West being against the Soviet Union. The Berlinwall acted as a blockade for the Union to conquer West Germany andinhibited immigration from the troubled country in search ofassistance (History). The fall of the Berlin wall unified east andWest Germany brings an end to the Cold War.

15.Despite Stalin’s death, the Cold War still continued for another 40years. The Soviet Union undertook a task of reconciliation endingthe Korean War. The Berlin Wall was then elected after Stalin’sdeath to limit immigration from oppressed East Germany to WestGermany. The Cuban missile crisis also occurred almost bringing theworld to nuclear annihilation (Buchanan 82). Finally, the fall of theBerlin Wall ended the Cold War.

16.Social solidarity brought the collapse of the communist rule in theEastern Europe countries. Throughout the Soviet bloc, reformersundertook power, bringing to an end the communist dictatorial rule(History). In Poland, anti-communist trade union forced the Polandgovernment to recognize them through a series of strikes gaininginternational attention. The U.S declared war on the communist regimewhich ushered in the Cold War that led to the dissolution of theSoviet Union.

17.German unity occurred after the East German government collapsedafter thousands of people fled to West Germany. Negotiations betweenthe East and West followed, resulting in a Unification Treaty. As aresult, the Warsaw Pact, which offered military protection to theSoviet Union was, relinquished (Buchanan 145).

18.The Soviet Union is one of the renowned states in the Russian andworld history which existed between the years 1922 and 1991, when theunion collapsed. It was known for its one part state that was underthe rule of the communist party and Moscow was the capital center.The Soviet Union collapsed in 199, and different factors were takento have contributed to the fall of the union in the year 1991. Onecontributing factor is the stagnation in its economy. The regionunder Soviet Union experienced massive growth in terms of territorycoverage after the ruling part conquered several other nations. Thisis due to the fact that, despite their expansion in regions of rule,the leadership failed to develop an economic system good enough tosustain the increasing number of states, and in turn lackedinnovation and enough productivity to support the growing demand ofgoods.

Inaddition to economic factor, another factor is the defiance, by thedefeated nations who decided to fight against the union and in turnfailed to show allegiance to the Union. This resulted into a conflictamong nations hence ending of the union. Moreover, the Soviet Unionalso failed due to western engagement and training of Soviet Unionguerrillas to resist the Soviet invasion, the western catalyzed therebellion of the Soviet Union rule hence the end of the regime in1991. Finally, the Soviet Union focused on its military operationsexcessively neglecting the domestic troubles of the citizens, whichin turn led to mass rebellion by the citizens hence lacking power,and in turn falling apart.

WorksCited

Buchanan,Tom.&nbspEurope`stroubled peace 1945 to the present.Chichester, West Sussex, UK Malden, MA: Wiley, 2012. Print.

EncyclopediaBritannica, &quotWorld War II | 1939-1945&quot. N.p., 2015. Web. 5Jan. 2016.

History,&quotCold War – Causes, Events, Pictures &amp Videos -History.Com&quot. N.p., 2015. Web. 5 Jan. 2016.

History,&quotWorld War II – Battles, Facts, Videos &amp Pictures -History.Com&quot. N.p., 2014. Web. 5 Jan. 2016.

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