EFFECTS OF CULTURE ON BEHAVIOR 1
Effects of Culture on People’s Lives
Culture is an adaptation to a given environment for survival. Cultureis under the influence of ecology, the geographical setup, climate,and the available natural resources. It determines the everydayactivities that people engage in and the resources they require toaccomplish them (Triandis & Brislin, 1984). It also involves themotives n the emotional requirement for achieving certain activities,and this influences people’s psychology. As a major component ofculture, the resources available in a setting influences peoplebehavior and thought processes since people develop ideas to exploitthe available resources (Brislin, 1993).
Three cultures that are very distinct include the American, Chinese,and the rural African culture. The three cultures show distinctbehavior towards gender-specific responsibilities. For example in therural African culture, children grow with very radical genderspecific behaviors. Household chores are for women while menparticipate in activities. The American culture encourages genderequality, and the difference in responsibilities is also not so muchpronounced. The Chinese culture just like shows a clear line betweenthe male and the female roles. For example, the Chinese culture alsoencourages women to stick to the household chores while men areaggressive in outdoor physical activities.
The ecocultural theory suggests that culture consists of theactivities that people conduct every day where people use sharedideas to solve complex issues in their environment (Weisner, 2002)..The developmental theory concludes that the context in which peopledevelop in affects their behavior and developmental outcomes(Csikszentmihalyi, 2014). The universal acceptance that culturalactivities have a direct influence on people’s development can beapplicable in determining children development across cultures(Weisner, 2002). Understanding how the community activities affectchildren is part of understanding their development. The ecologicaltheory as outlined by Bronfenbrenner indicates that children learnfrom the environment surrounding them (Davey, 1989). They learn fromthe cultural activities as indicated in the ecocultural theory.However, the ecocultural theory does not concentrate on the effectsof negative cultural practices.
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Csikszentmihalyi, M.(2014). Society, culture, and person: A systems view of creativity(pp. 47-61). Springer Netherlands.
Davey, G. (1989).Ecological learning theory. Taylor & Frances/Routledge.
Triandis, H. C., &Brislin, R. W. (1984). Cross-cultural psychology. AmericanPsychologist, 39(9), 1006.
Weisner, T. S.(2002). Ecocultural understanding of children`s developmentalpathways. Human development, 45(4), 275-281.