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Adilemma can be described as a state entailing selection between twosimilarly unsatisfactory alternatives i.e. choice has to be madebetween two similar options. They are prevalent to humans and life aswell. Counsellors face numerous dilemmas especially in the ethicalaspect. When undertaking a clinical research, counsellors encountervarious dilemmas in the process.

Privacyis one dilemma faced by counsellors. Is it appropriate to disclosethe research findings to the participants? Privacy is one a corecomponent in counselling. However, at some point it is hard to make achoice especially if a participant’s findings are crucial in somedegree. Sometimes counsellors encounter clients who have dangerousbehaviors, illegal acts, health issues and emotional issues amongothers. Boundaries of privacy in this case are hard to adhere to.Privacy is included in the protecting anonymity and confidentialityethical principle. The principle calls for confidentiality ofinformation obtained from a participant [ CITATION Ser12 l 1033 ].

Anotherdilemma that may arise involves data withdrawal. A participant maywant his/her information to be withdrawn from the research. If theinformation is quite substantial, a counsellor may find it hard toadhere to the same. For instance in the clinical field, a participantmay be suffering from a unique disease requiring further research. Ifsuch a participant opts to withdraw information, the counsellor maybe left in a dilemma. This dilemma falls under “right to withdraw”principle. A participant has the right to withdraw his/herinformation [ CITATION Ser12 l 1033 ].

Inhandling the two dilemmas above, it is quite crucial to uphold theprinciples of research ethics. However, the principles can only applyto a certain degree. For example, if information obtained entails aunique disease, as a counsellor it is important to report the same tothe appropriate persons for further research. Concealing theparticipants details will depend on the extent of findings obtained[ CITATION Ste101 l 1033 ].


Akfert, S. K. (2012). Ethical Experienced by Psychological Counsellors Working at Different Institutions and their Attitudes and Behaviours as a Response to These .

Dphil, S. M. (2010). Resolving Ethical in Clinical Research Studies. Resolving Ethical in Clinical Research Studies, 1-19.

Kenneth S Bordens, B. B. (2014). Research Design and Methods. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.

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