DIABETESTO NEWLY DIAGNOSED PATIENTS
Thereexist various types of diabetes in the world with the most commonlyknown being diabetes Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 results from thedestruction of the B-cells that results in the deficiency of thehormone insulin in the body while Type 2 is a condition where thereis a defect in the secretion of insulin on the background of insulinresistance.[ CITATION Mic08 l 1033 ]Besides, the two primary types of diabetes are other types thatresult from such causes as genetic defects in insulin function andgenetic defectsin B-cell function.
Moreoften than not people newly diagnosed with diabetes receive such newswith a lot of shocks. They tend to believe that this would mark theend of life in them. Studies have shown that those people who havebeen diagnosed of Type 2 diabetes suffer depression as a result ofthese findings. The depression symptoms are related to an alterationin the lifestyle of the diagnosed people. These patients develop alot of negative emotions that may result in stress prompting anincrease in the level of some of the hormones of the body.
Thenegative feelings may cause harm to the control of glucose hence thequality of life. Being diagnosed with diabetes should never beunderstood as the end of leading an ordinary life. With the aid ofthe numerous medical professionals, the patients are advised on howto go about their conditions well. A proper comprehension of the typeof diabetes one has been diagnosed with provides a good basis andguide on which type of lifestyle to lead after that. [ CITATION Kar05 l 1033 ]
Establishing a plan based on the priorities of the patient. This education will do a comprehensive assessment of the needs of the patient using various teaching tools as Body Apron. An understanding of the attitudes and the health beliefs of the patient about diabetes is looked into in this strategy. Whether the patient beliefs that the disease is worse or mild is established by engaging the patients by asking him questions related to his condition. This strategy can build the patient`s confidence in his ability to manage himself.[ CITATION Mic08 l 1033 ] It is also informative to both the patient and the educators as there is an exchange of information.
Setting individual goals for control and taking action goals. This strategy informs the patients on the causes of diabetes such as high blood pressure thus giving a baseline on which control of the disease can be done. Most of the patients are unaware of their blood pressure and glucose levels making this strategy less comprehensible to them.
Diabetes education is a process rather than an event. This informs the patients that diabetes is a progressive disease hence requires a continuous education and enlightenment to control and manage. This makes the patients give the disease a life-long process of learning.[ CITATION Kar05 l 1033 ] Unfortunately, most of the people do not understand the progressive nature of diabetes thus lose hope once diagnosed with the disease.
Empowering patients to take charge in the control of diabetes. This is an opportunity for the patients to practice skills that increase the chances of their success, for example, engaging in physical exercises and taking glucose level checks. Some patients do not appreciate the need of such empowerments hence, may opt to ignore them.
Nutrition and diet types. Being a lifestyle disease, diabetes education should give a lot of focus on the kinds of foods the patients take.[ CITATION Mic08 l 1033 ] Knowing the types of nutrients to use would help in controlling the levels of various substances in the body. Some patients treat the new lifestyle with negative emotions leading to more harmful effects on their body.
Edmonds, M. E. (2008). A Practical Manual for Diabetic Foot Care. London: John Wiley & Sons.
Stallings, K. D. (2005). Patient Education in Health and Illness. Chicago: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.