DEVIANT BEHAVIOUR 4
Deviant groupings give rise to gangs that engage in illegalactivities such as rape, vandalism and stealing. Gangs offer afoundation for deviant peer influences that affect the normaldevelopment and transition of minors. On education, Clinard and Meier(2015) argue that such gangs create violence in schools where someare expelled from school. Gang affiliations hinder the realizationeducational outcomes with the majority of the members reporting poorgrades. Further, they contribute to criminal behavior within andoutside the school environment. Members of a group can easilyinfluence the behavior either positively or negatively. The USOffice of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention indicatesthat about 48 percent of the juvenile prisoners perform below theanticipated grade level. This shows that poor performance is acatalyst for some kids to engage in illegal activities since they arelagging behind their colleagues in academic performance. Parentingalso contributes to the adoption of any behavior among the kids andextends to their teenage years. Ryan, Williams and Courtney (2013)assert that child neglect is largely to blame for the misbehaviorsince the adolescents are likely to be influenced by their socialenvironment.
The general deviance theory examines the link between unusualbehavior and school dropouts. Factors such as drug abuse, parenting,and delinquency help in explaining the trend. From the assessment, itis clear that the general deviance among the minors contributes toschool dropouts. The theory also discounts the fact that poorperformance a pre-meditated contribution on dropout (Clinard &Meier, 2015). Another theory, deviant affiliation theory, shows theeffect of anti-social behavior and peer influences as a contributorto dropouts. The theory notes that peer influences can lead one intomaking bad choices that affects his or her social life. Eventually, aminor engages in misbehaviors that lead him or her to drop out ofschool.
According to Clinard and Meier (2015), the traditional trends guidingthe link between various societal institutions are being challengedby the new lifestyles. More importantly, the young people are leadingin collapsing the traditional values that ensured they are welldisciplined and observed the societal rules. Most of the young peopleundergoing a transition from childhood to teenage are tending to bemore independent. Other issues such unemployment, poverty andindividual risks are causing a lot of pressure on the young people,thus influencing them to participate in unlawful behaviors (Clinard &Meier, 2015).
In conclusion, it would be more desirable if the principles andframeworks of the jury are reformed in line with the demands of thesocial environment. The judicial system, including law enforcementand correctional facilities, has the obligation to ensure thatjuvenile victims are able to acquire a basic education, counselingand social support. This will ensure that they will not engage inmisbehaviors upon release or terminate their education. Improvedinvolvement of the community, family and authorities can contributeenormously to the prosecution of the child abuse cases. The childcarecenters need to distinguish various interventions to help ingenerating far-reaching solutions. This helps to use elaboratelytheir network and collaboration to help in supplementing thegovernment’s interventions. Some of the interventions by theagencies include support policy formulation and funding awarenessinitiatives by government and non-state actors.
Clinard,M., & Meier, R. (2015). Sociologyof Deviant Behavior.Boston: Cengage Learning.
Henry,K. L., Knight, K. E., & Thornberry, T. P. (2012). SchoolDisengagement as a Predictor of Dropout, Delinquency, and ProblemSubstance Use During Adolescence and Early Adulthood. Journalof Youth and Adolescence,41(2), 156-166.
Ryan,J., Williams, A., & Courtney, M. (2013). Adolescent neglect,juvenile delinquency and the risk of recidivism. Journalof Youth Adolesence,42(3), 454-465.