Relationshipchanges caused by civil wars among the people of Beirut.
Globally,many countries suffered political turmoil. In modern days, Lebanonhas a rich civil war history in one of its major towns and a countryin general. Beirut was and is still the capital city of Lebanon .it’sone of the most civilized and improved in economic terms. In Beiruthave diverse political ideologies as well as religious diversity.It’s strategically situated along the coastal line of MediterraneanSea, at the base of Lebanon Mountains. It’s for this reason thatthe city pulled a lot of different people globally. It hence became acosmopolitan town by the year 1970 (West Beyrouth).
Betweenthe year 1975-1994, Beirut suffered a wide range of civil wars. Theprotractile course of this war resulted to massive losses.Approximately, half of the population got displaced, quarter of thepopulation died while a considerable number of people relocatingpermanently. Experts have proved that the origin of the war emanatedfrom difference in religious ideologies. Beirut was dominated byChristians and Muslims at that time. Beside losses in terms of liveand material things, people of Beirut suffered a wide range ofrelationship changes. These specific changes extended from families,social economic livelihood among the people(West Beyrouth). Thispaper in general elaborates the contribution of civil war towardsdestroying relationship among the people of Beirut. It furtherdiscusses the existence of these changes in the modern days.
` Civilwar in Beirut in a large extent affected the religious relationshipties between the citizens. As earlier discussed, the dominatingreligion Christians and Muslims, separated from each other in allsocial aspects of life. In the movie, it’s observed that theywouldn’t merge with each other or rather correlate in socialeconomic issues. Eventually, Beirut was divided into West and East.The Muslim from West would not access or rather cross to East whichwas dominated by the Christians a barrier was put between the twosections of the city. Heavy security was set along the border toprevent movement of the citizens. Social segregation resulted, hate,confusion and tension developed between the two religious groups(Cynthia).
Additionally,Muslim student were not allowed to attend classes in the East.Schools crossed down, students learning in same school and classroomgot segregated upon religious backgrounds. In this context, it’sobserved in the movie that the Star waking up early in the morning togo to school. At one point, they were not able to cross the barrierand consequently he dint attend classes. In same scenario, hisparents were not able to attend to their duties. The artist in thiscase brings about the concept of religious segregation between thepeople of Beirut. This is evident when the farther of tries to insisthe is born in Beirut, the guards push him way because he is from theWest (Cynthia).
Insocial aspect of life, friendship relationships between peers andfolks changed to the worst. Moreover, this was still guided byreligious ideologies. Developing a relationship be it love affairs orgeneral friendship across religion was seen as blasphemy. Christianswere regarded as spies they would receive insults as well as abuse.The artist in this case meticulously brings this into reality. Themovie Star is seen to have a friendship relationship with a Christianwoman. At one time he was forced to protect her among his Muslimsfriends. She was regarded as Christian spies and she almost gotassaulted. Moreover, his friend had to remove necklace with aChristian symbol of a cross. This was to prevent her from beingnoticed. This scene brings about the tension between the tworeligious groups.
Beirutcitizens share the same origin background, same behavior. During thecivil wars, family relationship ties had massive challenges. Familiesconfronted each other upon minor social issues. Tension developedinside residential areas. The artist brings about familial conflictsin the video. A middle aged woman is seen complaining about a noisyrooster early in the morning. She suggest for it to be killed by itsowner. Twice did this happen. Consequently she is insulted by themovie Star. The end result is commotion erupted and a fight developedbetween the two families. Moral values decay is observed when themovie Star confronts this old woman in front of his mother. Althoughfamilies had same orientation in religious, interfamilial conflictwere observed as some family were seen to betray the others (WestBeyrouth). As mentioned above, tension was observed among families,hatred exercised with biasness prevailing among families.
Towardthe end of the movie, relationship between neighbors’ deterioratedto the worst. The war had caused displacement as well as reduction inbasic commodities such as food and clean water. People relocation toone secure place led to competition for the available littlesupplies. The strong oppressed the weak in the community. Security tofellow neighbors was offered in exchange to food staff. In thiscontext, the artist portrays a scenario of the same picture in wartorn Beirut (West Beyrouth). At this time there was only one hoteloperating in Beirut. Many people had relocated near the hotel insearch of basic commodities. Youth in the area attacked the owner ofthe hotel in search of more food portions. Consequently, the hotelowner gets insulted when trying to protect fellow neigbours. A stateof lawlessness striked the town, strong against the weak, impunityprevailed during the course of the civil war.
Interreligious conflicts developed especially among the Muslims during thecourse of these civil wars .relationship between Muslim leaders orrather militaries deteriorated. Difference in economic ideologiestriggered the confricts.in the moods of getting control over economicdockets, war erupted with devastating effects. This was accompaniedwith massive loss of life as observed in the movie. Majority wouldnot tolerate this form of Islamic administration. A series of streetdemonstrations were conducted. Consequently, massacres were observedwhere militaries opened live ammunition to unarmed demonstrators.This was accompanied with massive displacement, desperation resultedbetween people. This state of lawlessness among Muslim communitiesreflected to Christians in the east. Poor economic progress wasobserved in and outside Beirut (Cynthia).
Civilwar in Beirut greatly affected relationship of people in the economicdockets. People would buy and shop from units owned by their similarcounter parts in religious ideologies. Business deteriorated due tobiasness from people. Beside losses and negative impact of the waramong citizens, at one point the artist portrays unity andtogetherness brought about by the war. Its observed, besides having agreat will to relocate, the movie Stars fathers is able to convincehis wife to stay. A strong statement of hope: war brings peopletogether is put across. This might be regarded as a positive impactof the war, but rather, there were a lot of uncertainties aboutmaintaining this unity after the war. Beirut citizen probably wentthrough the same a pain during the civil way, same experiences ofloss of life which brought about good relationship with each other(West Beyrouth).
Duringthis period of civil turmoil, a big number considered relocation toother countries. The movie artist brings about the picture people ofBeirut had in other countries. Beirut suffers poor relationship withother countries due to their in ability to solve their nationalchallenges. They are often seen as terrorists’ wanderers. Corruptas well as disorganized communities, civilized countries like UnitedStates of America and Britain won’t accept refugees from Beirut orrather Lebanon (West Beyrouth).
Atthe end of the movie, a thought of relocating by the Stars mother isrefuted by his husband. He tries to explain to her that despite beingin war torn country, he is comfortable than being in a foreigncountry. This scenario portrays the bad relationship ties people ofBeirut had in the face of other countries.
Inmodern day Beirut and Lebanon, a big number of the population stillsuffers these changes. The new generation still blames the oldadministration for poor leadership which led to civil wars. Tensionbetween Muslims and Christians still exists in some parts of thecountries. Trusts among the two groups have never been improved. Eachgroup blames the other for causing the entire pain (Cynthia). Inkeeping the memories of the past, artists draws illustration of pasttribulation. An artist drew a series of toilets symbolizing thetribulations the people went through during the wars. People used tohide for long hours in the toilets during the course of the war. Thisillustrates that a big number have not come in reality of the lossessuffered during the civil wars. A considerable number of the generalpopulations have already accepted the outcomes of Beirut civil wars.They accepted what they did there before as well as accepting thelosses. A movie called we loved each other portray a positiveapproach towards outcomes of the war.
Conclusively,civil wars in Beirut caused social economic as well as politicalchallenges. This left a shattered country with poor reputationinternationally. Despite all this, plans to rebuild Beirut haveyielded good results with the state regaining it lost pride.Currently, a stable form of governance is in place with democracy inplace. Smooth general elections have been held, and reconstructionsstill progressing (West Beyrouth).
WestBeyrouth (Apr 27, 2013). West Beirut. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1YWcqvZJpIU.Web
Weloved each other so much. Retrieved from http://www.snagfilms.com/films/title/we_loved_each_other_so_much.Web.
NadaSehnaoui (2013) Haven’t 15 years of hiding in the toiletsbeen enough? – Part III”. Retrievedfrom http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KuB9hXl3zFo .Web.
Deeley,Mona.  “Beyrouth Al-Gharbiyya/West Beirut”  InGönül Dönmez-Colin, Ed.  The Cinema of North Africa andthe Middle East.  London, Wallflower Press, 2007. p.191- 198. Retrieved from  https://reserve.library.temple.edu/ares/ares.dll?SessionID=U031702390C&Action=10&T ype=10&Value=32035.Web.
CynthiaJoyce.  “Arabian knights:  ‘West Beirut’ directorZiad Douieri talks about growing up in the crossfire of a ragingcivil war and raging hormones.”  Salon.com, Sep 9, 1999   Retrieved from  http://www.salon.com/1999/09/09/ziad/ .Web.