COMMUNITY PUBLIC HEALTH 1
In the area of public health, there is an area with a study based onSocial Determinants of Health. There are conditions that are dominantwhere people live, learn, work and play. Such conditions dictate thehealth outcomes of persons in such an environment. These conditionsare technically referred to as SDOH, or Social Determinants ofHealth. Factors such as genetics may also influence the health ofindividuals as in, the case of disease inheritance form parents tooff springs (WHO,2016). Other factors such as income and education levelwill also predict if individuals will get access to quality andbetter healthcare or not. In a broader perspective, the SocialDeterminants of Health can be grouped into:
Personal characteristics and behaviors
These Social Determinants of Health are the ones that dictate whethera person will fall sick or not. So, they contribute to thedevelopment of illnesses. The contribution falls in various ways aslisted and discussed below:
Income- Persons with low income always have difficulty in accessing healthcare services. This is because the best healthcare facilities are very expensive and thus unaffordable to the low-income people. Without access to better healthcare services, one will succumb to the detrimental effects of illnesses (WHO, 2016).
Education– It is often argued that the people with a better educational background, are more knowledgeable, resourceful and therefore, have better health than the uneducated ones (WHO, 2016).
Physical environment– Better road networks, access to clean water and a polluted-free environment, safe houses and safe neighborhoods are definitely a hallmark of the health status of an individual. Therefore, without such better standards, diseases will be more prevalent and also contribute to the overall poor health standards (WHO, 2016).
Social support networks– The affectionate support, caring and loving from social networks is ultimately important to the health of a person. The traditions and customs of various communities also affect health standards. For instance, there are customs that forbid their people to seek hospital facilities and thus encourage the use of herbal medicines. All in all, this will affect the outcome of an ill patient, because, in the modern age, there is a compelling urge to visit licensed medical facilities to gain the best access to trained medical practitioners (WHO, 2016).
Genetics– Some people are ill because of inheritance of a disease form their ill parents. Such diseases include sickle cell anemia, cystic fibrosis, Marfan syndrome etc.
Acommunicable disease chain is a process that involves the infectionof a person by a disease from another person. A communicable diseaseis a disease that spreads form one individual to another. It is oftenreferred to as a contagious disease (CDC, 2016).Consequently, the typical component of a communicable disease is thechain of infection. Most of the times, a communicable disease chaininvolves:
Source of infection
Mode of transmission
For treatmentpurposes, a nurse can able to break the link between a communicabledisease chain. One of the typical examples of breaking this link is,the administration of correctdrugs using the correct procedures. Thenurse administers the medication following the accurate protocols ofdelivery. Such protocols include sterilizing of the equipment usedfor treatment. The pathogens are reduced and thus the virulence isalso reduced to a manageable and less infectious status (CDC, 2016).
World HealthOrganization (WHO). (2016). Retrieved Jan 11th,2015 from http://www.who.int/hia/evidence/doh/en/
U.S. Centersfor Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2016).Retrieved Jan 11th, 2015 fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/ophss/csels/dsepd/ss1978/lesson1/section10.html