Coco Chanel

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COCO CHANEL

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CocoChanel

Thepaper focuses on one lucky woman who was well known for herspecialty, creativity, and incredible talent in fashion and design.Her real name is Gabrielle Chanel, and she was the founder of thechannel house. She completely changed the world of fashion betweenthe year 1883 and 1971(Charles-Roux&amp Wheeler, 2005).Research says that she was worth fifteen billion dollars the end of1970. Gabrielle &quotCoco&quot Chanel was a French fashion designerof women`s clothes and founder of the Chanel brand. She realized hertalent along with her close friend Paul Poiret. During the World War1 period, Chanel became very famous since she was known to liberatewomen from the constraints of what they called corseted silhouette.She was a strong advocate of popular sportive, casual stylish as thefeminine standard of fashion. Beyond the style and design, theprolific fashion creator realized that she was also interested inelegant handbags, jewelry, and fragrances. She came up with asignature that was commonly known as, Chanel No. 5, which became aniconic product during her time. This made her be the only fashion anddesigner to appear on the list of 100 most influential people in thetimes magazine printed in the 20th century. Chanel gained popularitythrough her firm determination and the energy that she employed inher social and professional life. The connections that she madethrough her work earned her success as an executive and prominence inher social life. Through her excellent job, she became a patron ofmany craftspeople, socialites, and artists.

Accordingto Madsen(2009),Chanel was an illegitimate child of a poor peddler and a shop girl.Her mother died when she was years, and her father took off leavingher in the hands of nuns in a Covent. The nuns taught her to sew andintroduced her to a tailoring job. Little did she know that sewingwould be her line of work. During her free time, she was a cabaretsinger this is where the name ‘coco` was born after a particularsong that she loved to sing. However, according to her, the name‘coco` meant a kept woman from the name cocotte.

Aroundthe age of 20 years, Channel became close to Etienne Balsa, whointroduced her to millinery businesses in Paris. Later on, she lefthim for a wealthier man known as Arthur Carpel. During her firstventure in fashion and design, those two men played a major part. In1910, she managed to open her first shop in Paris where she soldhats, soon after she opened other branches in Deauville and Biarritzwhere she started sewing clothes(Wallach, 1998).Surprisingly, her first taste of design began when she made a dressout of an old jersey on a chilly day, and everyone would comment onthat dress asking if she can make more for him or her. The d5essbecame a favorite to many, and she offered to make as many as shecould. In the 1920s, it was clear to Chanel that fashion and designwere the way to go, she took her thriving business to new heights,and this is when she made her first perfume, Chanel No .5 the firstperfume to ever bear the designer name(Charles-Roux&amp Wheeler, 2005).She described the fragrance as an unseen and important accessory offashion that would herald someone`s arrival and prolong his or herdeparture. Pierre and Paul Wertheimer were the department owners andamong the first people who backed the fragrance and Chanel ended upbeing very close to Pierre. They stroked a deal for the departmentowners to be taking 70% of what was sold from the fragrance while shetook 10% and the rest went to Bader (Bott,2007).For many years, the Chanel No.5 remained a significant source ofincome and Chanel would fight to have the deal renegotiated.

Later,Chanel introduced a suit with collarless jacket marching with awell-fitted skirt. Her fashion was revolutionary she would borrowelements from the men`s wear, and she emphasized on comfort over theconstraints of the then trending fashion and helped women to say noto the corsets and other confining clothes. The same year she came upwith a little black dress a color that was once associated withmourning, but she brought up the essence of how the dress would bechic and fit for eveningwear. In addition to her unique fashion, shebecame a prominent figure in Paris she designed clothes for greatpeople like Ballets Russes and Jean Cocteau (Bott,2007).The great people became her friends making her even more attractive.In 1923, Chanel met the wealthy Duke with whom they started along-term relationship. Duke became a significant part of herbusiness and together that took it to a higher level. Unfortunately,there was an economic depression in 1930, which marked an onset ofWorld War 2(Picardie &amp Harwood, 2010).It had an adverse impact on Chanel`s businesses that she ended upclosing, fired all her workers, and engaged herself with a Germanymilitary officer who gave a special permission to stay in herapartment. After the war, ended Chanel was put under interrogationbecause she was thought to be an accomplice to the German militaryofficer, but she was not charged as a collaborator though sheremained in the court of public opinion. Many thought that herrelationship with the officer was a betrayal of her country this madeher go into exile in Switzerland. On January 10 1970, Chanel passedon in her apartment in Hotel Ritz, hundreds of people gathered to bidher farewell, in the church, and they wore her suits as a sign oftribute(Wallach, 1998).

Challengesin `s life

Inher entire life, Chanel was facing one problem after the other.First, she was an orphan from the age of twelve, and she ended up ina Coventry where Nuns brought her up. Financial status would be suchan enormous obstacle too, having been raised by poor parents and shehad such a big dream to work as a fashion and designer. Again, duringher time, women had little to no respect, so discrimination andgender inequality was such a major obstacle. She faced significantdiscrimination after she invented the most selling fragrance and theowner of the shop took a large part of the income, she fought her wayout, but she did not bear any fruit. Her immense sexual growth wouldhave landed her in problems since she would engage in differentrelationships of which one of them made her go to exile and peoplelabeled her as shame to her country. Christian Dior fashion took overduring her time in exile, and this was a blow to Chanel`s fashion(Wallach, 1998).Nevertheless, she did not give up but she fought for her comebackthat was also a challenge in securing finances, seeking out newfabrics, and hiring new staffs. Also at the age of seventy, competingwith a new generation of designers was quite a significant challenge.After her death, she left her legacy to her assistants who kept herfashion going, came up with new styles bearing `s name.

Conclusion

Tosummarize, having been raised by poor parents and she had such a bigdream to work as a fashion designer, Coco was good. Again, during hertime, women had little to no respect, so discrimination and genderinequality was such a major obstacle. She faced significantdiscrimination after she invented the most selling fragrance and theowner of the shop took a large part of the income, she fought her wayout, but she did not bear any fruit. Her immense sexual growth wouldhave landed her in problems since she would engage in differentrelationships of which one of them made her go to exile and peoplelabeled her as shame to her country. Christian Dior fashion took overduring her time in exile, and this was a blow to Chanel`s fashion(Wallach, 1998).Nevertheless, she did not give up but she fought for her comebackthat was also a challenge in securing finances, seeking out newfabrics, and hiring new staffs. Also at the age of seventy, competingwith a new generation of designers was quite a significant challenge.After her death, she left her legacy to her assistants who kept herfashion going, came up with new styles bearing `s name.

References

Bott,D. (2007). Chanel:collections and creations.London: Thames &amp Hudson.

Charles-Roux,E., &amp Wheeler, D. (2005). Theworld of : friends, fashion, fame.London: Thames &amp Hudson.

Madsen,A. (2009). CocoChanel: A Biography.London: Bloomsbury Publishing UK.

Picardie,J., &amp Harwood, C. (2010). CocoChanel: the legend and the life.New York: HarperCollins.

Wallach,J. (1999). Chanel:Her style and her life.London: Mitchell Beazley.

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