Civil Rights

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Organizationswere very important in fostering human right activities in the UnitedStates since 1844. Organizations like the NAACP, found in 1909,together with the National Urban League, which followed two yearslater in 1911, were very instrumental. Septima Clark of SouthCarolina established Citizenship Schools, which were institutions forpropagating civil rights in the South, while up in North Carolina,Ella Baker was working with the aim of improving the conditions downSouth. Unsung grass root workers who labored in the early 1990sremain the spirit behind this movement. Later in the 1940s, movementsformed by Philip Randolph threatened to lead an all-Black march toWashington in a protest. This led to President Roosevelt agreeing toform a Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC), which wouldinvestigate the employer’s conduct and employment practices(Paterson, 2015, n.p).

Anotherevent that was critical to the human rights movement during the timeis the great migration of the Blacks from the southern cities to thecities in the north and west, taking up employment opportunities aswar-related jobs. This boosted the blacks voting power as thepotential for developing Black Community organizations was realized.After this, presidents who were against Communism becameaccommodative to the liberal change as they recognized that Racismdoes not concur with principles of anti-communism. President Trumanended the racial segregation in the armed forces and urged federallaws to accommodate advances in civil rights(Norton,Sheriff, Blight, &amp Chudacoff, 2011, n.p).

Thelast critical element that was important to the civil rightsmovements was Legislation. Legislation such as the Brown v. Board ofEducation of Topeka is considered by many historians as one of themost pivotal happening in the civil right revolution of the 1960s.The ruling sought to abolish segregation of white and black school.These two groups of institutions were sharply different in terms ofresources. Black were more anxious to run their schools with muchsupport from the government in terms of learning resources Omi &ampWinant, 2014, n.p).


Norton,M. B., Sheriff, C., Blight, D. W., &amp Chudacoff, H. (2011). APeople and a Nation: A History of the United States, Volume II: Since1865 (Vol. 2). Cengage Learning.

Omi,M., &amp Winant, H. (2014). Racial formation in the United States.Routledge.

Patterson,J, T. (2015). The Movement: Major Events and Legacies.The Movement. History Now.

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