America’sfederal government continues to receive applause for its tremendousattempts to uphold the basic human rights of its citizens. For thisreason, Americans have better access to quality healthcare, educationfood, and affordable housing. Concerning the basic citizen`s rights,every citizen has a right to be sufficiently fed, housed and assistedreasonably on matters of health with the provision of affordableeducation. During the presidential debates, the American president,Barrack Obama explains that failure to meet these needs poses dangersto the nation and its inhabitants because poverty and hopelessnessyield crime, political instability and religious extremism that makelife unpleasant for everyone. At the same time, the basic humanrights states implement affect their economy substantially as thereis no clear position on whom is an exemption. The Declaration ofIndependence states that all men have an unalienable right to life.The preamble of the US constitution is to promote the general welfareof the people. This paper embarks on demonstrating the cons and prosof basic human rights in America.
Thegovernment is obliged to make the society a better place and createorderliness for the dwellers. According to Amy (2007), people rely onthe government, to enforce the basic rights and create remedies ininstances of violation. It is through such rights that the stateachieves its roles. Among the pros for the basic rights is thepositive progress of the state. Through enforcing the right toeducation, though not offered to all, it creates advancements oftechnology, arts and sciences by maximizing the use of talent. A freecollege degree should be offered to incredibly brilliant people frompoor socioeconomic backgrounds. When such a right is theresponsibility of a government towards its citizens, then it providesindividuals with an avenue to pursue their talents for the positiveprogress of the state. Similarly, Amy (2007) explains that the rightto the provision of healthcare has its advantages to the people ofthe state. The public health efforts, as explained by Amy (2007),have feed millions of Americans from lethal and overwhelming maladiessuch as smallpox and polio.The federal programs such as Medicare have freed millions of elderlyAmericans from the agony and worries of how to access medical care.According to Procon.org (2015), instituting the right of health carelowers the cost of healthcare in the USA For both private and publichealthcare. It is as a result of the lowered administrative andprescription drug costs.
Hartman(2006) argues that the Provision of shelter benefits the individualssince they are safe and comfortable. Housing refers to the placewhere people spend most of their time and where families are nurturedaccordingly. Amy (2007) gives credit to the legislations that banhousing discrimination. The ban on such policies allows inhabitantsof the state to dwell in the neighborhoods of their choice. Thesebasic rights have enabled the poverty-stricken people in America toget access to food provided by the government, to ensure survival. Itpromotes equality among the people regardless of their socioeconomicbackgrounds. On the right of education, the state government does notguarantee a free college degree is not for everyone. The rightconsiders people with a particular aptitude for academic ortechnological work. It provides opportunities for technical andcareer-related courses that create higher skills labor pool.Schlosser and Allen (2012), argue access to healthy food should be abasic right that should not be reserved for a privileged few. Thewealthy will always eat well. It`s the poor and working people in theUnited States who needs a new, sustainable food system more thananyone else. Further, Schlosser and Allen (2012) assert that suchpeople often reside in very polluted neighborhoods. Moreover, theyonly have access to unhealthiest processed foods. They two add thatthe law often favors corporate interests over the public interests.However, this right does not place the government under theresponsibility of distributing food to all the citizens. The state ismust show the right to food and should not interfere with the effortsof individuals to fend for themselves (Making rights a reality, n.d).If this fails to secure adequate food for all, then the state shouldprovide, especially the vulnerable due to old age, disability,unemployment or other disadvantages that render them unable to fendfor themselves. Some of the violations on the right to food includediscrimination in access to food or in the means of acquiring it(Making rights a reality, n.d).
Thelack of a clear stand on whom the basic rights are fully accorded isamong the commonly cited con. There is no specific place quoted theright to healthcare for the citizens in the declaration ofindependence in America. Furthermore, it is most likely to lead to anincrease debt and deficit of the US government if it is incorporatedas an absolute basic right. According to the ProCon Organization(2015), the government healthcare programs drive explosive growth inspending and debt. If everyone were entitled to the coverage underthe universal right to healthcare, increase in the deficit would beat a higher level than before. A similar observation is true with theright to shelter. Hartman (2006) reveals that providing Americancitizens with decent, affordable housing necessitate utilizing ofvast and more government subsidies. He further explains that theproblem arises from the widening gaps between the incomes and housingcost. According to Amy (2007), interpreting and enforcing of suchrights requires extensive networks of administrative and judicialorganizations on the federal and the state levels. These largegovernment efforts cost billions of dollars per year that it sourcesfrom the taxpayers. It is an indication that enforcing the rights islargely dependent on a well-funded government. He further explainsthe fact that the government at times find itself in a position wherethey can`t effectively tax and spend. Consequently, some rights andliberties become unenforceable and largely non-existent.
Indubitably,the US government does not owe each person a house, meal, a collegedegree and healthcare since not all the individuals are vulnerable tosearch extents. It is obliged to facilitate avenues for the people toaccess the rights with absolute equality free from discrimination.The rights are more inclined to vulnerable individuals in the societywho are prone to poverty, hopelessness and helplessness. As revealedin the case of education, the government provides for those whocannot provide for themselves in to empower the people of the land tobe self-sufficient for the future.
Amy,D. J. (2007). Governmentas the way we expand our rights and freedoms.Governmentis Good.Web Retrieved fromhttp://www.governmentisgood.com/articles.php?aid=19&p=3
Hartman,C. (2006). The case for a right to housing.National Housing Institute. Web.Retrievedfrom http://nhi.org/online/issues/148/righttohousing.html
Makingrights a reality, (n.d). Foodand Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.Web. Retrieved From http://www.fao.org/focus/e/rightfood/right2.htm
ProConOrganization, (2015). Should all Americans have the right (beentitled) to health care? Rightto Health Care ProCon.Web. Retrieved From http://healthcare.procon.org/
Schlosser,E., & Allen, W. (2012).Accessto good, healthy food should be a basic human right. TheAtlantic.Retrieved Fromhttp://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2012/02/access-to-good-healthy-food-should-be-a-basic-human-right/253349/