Asthma’spredisposing factors are grouped into environmental and geneticcategories. The term genetic means that the genetic composition ofthe parents determines whether their children will suffer fromasthma, whereby about three-fifth all cases of asthma are associatedwith the genetic risk factor (WebMD, 2015). In addition, being born amale is a risk factor because male children have smaller airwayscompared to female children. The environmental risk factors mayinclude exposure to allergens (such as dust and chemicals), smoking,air pollution, and obesity.
Asthmahas no cure, but medication and other management practices containits symptoms and help patients lead a satisfying life. Medication forasthma is grouped into long-term controls (including inhaledcorticosteroids and theophylline), quick relief controls (includingalbuterol, intravenous corticosteroids, and ipratropium), andmedication for control of allergy, which include xolair andimmunotherapy. Apart from the use of medicines, adopting lifestyleand practices that will prevent the patient from coming into contactwith allergens is recommended (American Lung Association, 2015).
Thehealth promotion educational program for the patient should focus onthe practices that can reduce the progression of asthma to chronicstages and be able to proceed with the daily activities. For example,teaching the patient on the significance of avoiding dusty places,working in chemical firms, excess cold, and following the doctor’sinstructions can help the client lead a comfortable life withoutexperiencing episodes of severe obstruction of the breathing system(Butttaro, Trybulski, Bailey & Sandberg-Cook, 2013). Therefore,health promotion strategies should be geared towards helping thepatient live with the condition.
Althoughmedication is critical for a patient suffering from asthma,empowering the patient for self-management is very significant. Thiscan be achieved by helping the patient develop an action plan on howto manage the condition on his own. The action plan should seek tohelp the patient take medicines as prescribed, know what to do duringthe serious episodes, and interpret the peak air flow correctly.
Inconclusion, asthma is a condition that affects the breathing system.Although it does not have a cure, medication and other effectivemanagement strategies can help the patient lead a comfortable life.In addition, empowering the patient through education can promote thehealth of asthmatic patients.
AmericanLung Association (2015). Asthma symptoms, causes, and risk factors.ALA.Retrieved January 11, 2016, fromhttp://www.lung.org/lung-health-and-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/asthma/asthma-symptoms-causes-risk-factors/
Butttaro,T., Trybulski, J., Bailey, P. & Sandberg-Cook, J. (2013). Primarycare: A collaborative practice (4thed.).St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
WebMD(2015). Asthma health center. WebMD.Retrieved January 11, 2016, fromhttp://www.webmd.com/asthma/guide/asthma-risk-factors