Asthmaand Stepwise Management
Asthmaand Stepwise Management
Thereare several factors that influence the treatment approach adopted inthe treatment of asthma. The most important factors include theseverity of the condition, age of the patient, side effects ofmedication and the symptoms exhibited. Therefore, close monitoring ofthe effectiveness of medications and changes in the condition by thepatient as well as a medical care worker is critical in themanagement of asthma. This will ensure that tracking of the adverseeffects of the medication and severity of symptom, and possiblechanges in the medication approach. Asthma management can be longterm or short term (Bernstein & Levy, 2014). Long term controlmedications include drugs that are taken regularly over an extendedperiod of time. They are mainly used in the prevention of asthmaattack in cases and controlling chronic asthma symptoms. This is themost common asthma management approach. Some of the common types ofmedications and drugs used in long term management includecorticosteroids inhalers, beta agonist inhalers, long acting betaagonist and theophylline. Majority of asthmatic individuals use theselong term medications, even in cases where there are no symptoms.There is also quick relief or short term or rescue medications thatare used in the management of asthma. These medications are taken inemergency cases and aims at relieving short term symptoms of asthma.Some of the common medications include corticosteroids (oral orintravenous), ipratropium and short acting beta agonists (Bernstein &Levy, 2014).
Appropriatetreatment and management plan can prevent majority of the risksassociated with asthma. This means that an asthmatic patient can livea perfectly normal life if it is managed well. There are basic stepsthat are critical in the effective management and treatment ofasthma. After the patient has been diagnosed with asthma and theseverity has been determined, the next step is patient education.This is aimed at creating a partnership between the health careprovider and the patient in the management of the condition. The nextstep involves close monitoring of the symptoms and severity by ahealth care worker and the patient to develop the most appropriatetreatment option (Bernstein & Levy, 2014). This occursconcurrently with avoiding risks that predispose the patient toasthmatic attack. The next step is to establish a long termmedication and management plan that is appropriate for the patient.The patient plays an important role in the management of asthma.Therefore, developing an individual plan to manage the condition andincidence of asthmatic attacks is a critical step. Finally, a regularfollow up by a medical worker is essential to ensure theeffectiveness of the asthma management (Bernstein & Levy, 2014).
Thegoal of asthma medication and management is to maintain control overthe condition and minimize risks that could have adverse effects onthe patient health. Therefore, a step wise approach ensures that themedication and management approach adopted is appropriate andspecific to the patient condition. Usually, asthma patients havediverse experiences and symptoms. This has an influence on the typeof medication and management adopted. Additionally the risksassociated with a young patient are significantly different whencompared to elderly patients (Bernstein & Levy, 2014). Thus, astepwise approach ensures that the impairments and risks associatedwith asthma are reduced. Stepwise approach allows medical personnelto assess the case independently and make appropriate decisions atevery stage or step.
Bernstein,J. & Levy, M. (2014). ClinicalAsthma: Theory and Practice.CRC Press, ISBN 1466585617.