Analysisof Abortion as an Ethical Dilemma
Analysisof Abortion as an Ethical Dilemma
Abortionis an extremely controversial issue in today’s generation, andpeople tend to turn towards the law when deciding on what is the bestpossible solution to an unwanted pregnancy or one that has medicalcomplications. Ethical principles should also be applied byphysicians regardless of their personal, religious and spiritualbeliefs. The medical ethics, therefore, is transcultural,trans-religious and transnational about professional standards.
Inthis case, we will discuss the dilemma facing Susan who after manyyears discover that she is pregnant, and her unborn child has Downsyndrome. Susan has to make a decision on whether to terminate herpregnancy or to keep it despite the challenges involved since shewants to maintain a healthy balance between her family life andcareer. It is of significant value to strike a balance between anindividual’s career and family life (Ferrel, Fraedrich and Ferrell,2012). She seeks advice from her physician who gives her advises toterminate the current pregnancy since the child would suffer a lot ifshe carries the young baby. It is for her to decide on what to do assince she is not comfortable with abortion. The essay gives anexploration of the ethical dilemma facing abortion in accordance withthe Christian view in comparison to other ways of solving thedilemma.
Theethical dilemma is a situation where one has faced two morallyacceptable options of equally unacceptable of which either choicedoes not resolve the situation in an ethically acceptable manner. Asstated by Brugger (2012), Susan’s case that relates to abortion canresult to an ethical dilemma that requires both Christian values andthe ethical standards to come up with a better solution. The existingdifficulty in the scene is that the young lady could keep thepregnancy, but that would subject her child to suffer all through hislife and quit her job as the child will always require her attention.To resolve the dilemma, Susan could terminate the pregnancy and saveher child from all the suffering accompanied by Down syndrome andthrough it, she can keep her job. Secondly, since this was firstpregnancy she can quit her job and save her pregnancy since the babycould require the mothers’ attention.
Severalcore beliefs would impact my decision as the sanctity of life shouldalways be protected. Thus, according to the Bible life is sacred,valuable and a gift from the Almighty. One of my core beliefs is thesixth commandment, “Thou shall not kill.” Since abortion is anact of ending a pregnancy so that it doesn’t result in the birth ofa baby. Therefore, performing the abortion will be killing the unbornchild, and that would be going against Gods commandments. Anothercore belief, Genesis 1:27 “to the image of God he created him, maleand female he created them.” Therefore, we should not considerabortion no matter the situation as we are all created in the imageof God. It implies that Susan should not look at abortion as anoption as her child is a creation of God himself and the baby havingDown syndrome would be God doing his will. Another core belief asstated in 1 Corinthians 3: 16 that our bodies are a temple of Godthat the Spirit of God dwells. Since, our bodies are the temple ofGod, it is immoral to carry out an abortion.
Asa Christian, it is ethically for Susan not to abort the child sinceGod does not present us with what we can’t handle. It is morallyupright for her to keep her unborn child as God has plans to buildand not to destroy. The Bible also gives supportive references fromthe chapters that it is morally wrong to abort an unborn child.Several churches have different beliefs on abortion. The Catholics,for instance, believe that abortion is wrong though it might beacceptable in some critical situations (Coleman, 2013).
Therewould be potential challenges and benefits accompanied by thedecision as to whether to bring up a child or abort. Indeed, it isevident that individuals who abort can use a lot of resources. As aresult, by choosing to keep the pregnancy, Susan would be required toquit her job to favor life of a child, which will fulfill themothers’ need for a child. Thus, she would be contented to haveknown the ethical and morals that individuals should uphold. It isalso righteous before God not to kill as stated in the Bible(Deutronome5:17 Exodus 20:13) therefore, Susan should keep her babydespite the complications involved. Finally, her conscience would befree of all guilt as she has done what is ethically right, andrighteous before God.
Accordingto Pati, Dode & Ahirrao (2014), a rational person may not base anethical decision on certain principles such as not killing, andviewing of oneself as Gods image. One is presented with theprinciples outlined about abortion
• Autonomy– Individuals have a right to choose or refuse treatment and, inthis case, Susan can elect to keep or terminate her pregnancy.
• Beneficence– The doctor should have the interest of the patient. Thus, he/ sheshould objectively and meticulously assess all the availabletherapeutic and diagnostic options and ensure that there is a balanceof good over harm.
•Non-maleficence– The doctor should ensure that he does no harm to both the parentand to the unborn child.
• Justice– It applies to an equal distribution of health resources, andupholding the decision of fairness and equality in treatment. In thissituation, the primary concern is the moral status of the fetus as itreferred to as a person thus, the fetus has the moral and legal rightnot to be killed.
Sucha person makes decisions based on the situations that arise for thegreater good. When Susan terminates her pregnancy (the unborn child)a lot of agonies would arise as she can suffer permanent trauma dueto the loss of the baby. Consequently, the victim can experiencesevere blood loss during the process of terminating foetus thus canresult in death as a consequence. She may also face isolation by herpeers upon discovering her abortion. Thus, for her to maintain a goodreputation among her peer groups, and to maintain the ethicalstandards, Susan should choose to keep her pregnancy as she get therequired education to be able to care for her child.
Theexisting dilemma in this scenario instills a thought to struggle withstaying true to core beliefs and trusts in God regardless theoutcome. As a Christian, the act would be viewed as a test of faith.Both the Christian values and ethical standards should be upheld whenmaking decisions whether to abort or not. In case, such incidenceoccurs, the final decision should be guided by the ethical principlesas well as the Christian morals and values.
Brugger,E. C. (2012). The problem of fetal pain and abortion: Toward anethical consensus for appropriate behavior. KennedyInstitute of Ethics Journal, 22(3),263-87.
Coleman,S. (2013). Direct and indirect abortion in the Roman Catholictradition: A review of the phoenix case. HECForum, 25(2),127-43.
Ferrell,O. C., Fraedrich, J. & Ferrell, L. (2012). Businessethics: Ethical decision making and cases(9th ed.). Cengage Learning.