Alcoholismas a Social Problem
Selectionof alcoholism as a social problem
Alcoholismis a contemporary social problem locally and globally. Alcohol abusehas become prevalent as people indulge in the act resulting in vastnegative impacts to the abusers themselves and the people aroundthem. The selection of this problem is by the myriad of problems itcreates and their numerous implications. It is a global concern thataffects the health of the individual both physically and mentally anda great hazard to the immediate environmental since it leads toimpaired judgment of the user. Alcohol abuse is a major effect riskfactor for acute and chronic harms and impacts economic, health andsocial cost to individuals, communities, and societies (Flynn &Wells. 2015)
Alcoholismand the local community and impacts on global communities
Accordingto the National Alcoholism Center residents of the Wolfeboro localcommunity in New Hampshire, have a problematic relationship withalcoholism. The national survey on drug use and health establishedthat many people in this locality are in dire need of but notreceiving treatment for alcohol abuse than the rest of the US. Theproblem manifests itself through drunk driving, domestic violence,sexual assaults, child neglect and a high level of family breakups(National alcoholism center, n.d). Globally, alcoholism impacts theglobal communities negatively. The problem is manifested in aconsistently strong association between alcohol consumption and avariety of negative health outcomes (Flynn & Wells, 2015). Theoutcomes include mobility, early mortality, increased risks of traumasuch as burns, falls drowning injury and interpersonal violence. Theyadd that alcohol-related health problems cause notable demands on theemergency and hospital services. Alcoholism affects families,contributes to alcohol-related traffic crashes and alcohol-relatedcrimes inclusive of rape due to impaired judgment (Flynn & wells,2015).
Socialvariables in the development of alcoholism and their influence,
Alcoholismis a complex disorder with many pathways leading to its development.According to National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism,socio-economic status, genetic factors, psychological factors, peerinfluence among others are contributing factors for the problem ofalcoholism (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism n.d).Teenagers adopt the act via interacting with friends who take alcoholas a technique of reducing boredom, anxiety, and for the mere purposeof getting high. The psychological factors such as low self-esteemand depression trigger the development of alcoholism to seek comfort.The factors influence people to venture into alcoholism throughsocial learning as a solution to their problems (National Instituteon Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism n.d).
Socialvariables on local and global scales
Theinfluence of the identified social variables varies depending onwhether the problem is local or global. Locally, in America, thevariables influence individuals from all walks of life regardless ofthe socioeconomic statuses compared to African countries specificallyKenya where alcoholism tends to impact greatly on specific ethniccommunities such as the Kikuyu, who take pride in drinking as acultural heritage. The social policies enforced lead to varyinginfluence of these variables as many global communities enforcestrict laws on alcoholism compared to the local communities.
Attemptedsolutions that have failed
Severalattempts have been established to solve the menace of alcoholism buthave unfortunately failed. Among them are social policies. Over theyears, the local and federal governments have employed policies torestrict the availability of alcohol and distribution (NationalInstitute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism n.d). It has included theinstitution of legal age allowed for drinking and purchasing alcohol.Governments have established rehabilitation institutions to providecounseling to addicts. Rehabilitation has failed due to poor approachand the continued individual-environmental interactions that supportalcohol use and triggers high rates of relapses. Several states haveimposed high rates of taxation on alcohol products (NationalInstitute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism n.d). It has resulted infailure because manufacturers and other retailers have devised pathsto continue with their business. Corruption has contributed to thesefailures as law enforcers especially in developing countriesdisregard the law for malicious meager personal gains.
Attemptedsolutions that was successful
Overcomingalcoholism, as revealed by Sandra (2005), is a long bumpy road thatsome people perceive as impossible. Successful solutions have beenthe use of medication while integrating it with education andcounseling. Using factual data to educate people is an efficientaspect that enables people to avert the problem throughself-reflection. Governments have adopted this as a national duty tosensitize the masses through various efficient methods including themedia with images of the consequences of indulging in alcoholism.Successful solutions also include medication with counseling to thealcoholics. The successful medications have included Disulfiram,Naltrexone, and acamprosate that significantly improve outcomesduring early recovery. They correct the imbalances inneurotransmitter system caused by heavy drinking (Sandra, 2005).
People`sbias, stereotypes, and assumption problematic impact.
Peoplehold stereotypes, bias and assumptions on the issue of alcoholismthat has led to problems in attempts to try and curb the issue. Theyinclude assumptions and association of alcoholism to certain ethniccommunities. People often stereotype alcoholics as failures in lifewho are always involved with domestic violence. They mostly relatethe alcoholics with a deprived childhood and associate them withterrible parenting in addition to involving them with the criminalunderworld (Alcoholrehab.com, n.d). These assumptions and stereotypesresult in stigmatization making the people lack compassion towardsthe suffering alcoholics and blame them for being entirelyresponsible for their situation. Consequently, alcoholics becomeashamed of admitting they have a problem and seek help from thisself-destructive behavior (alcoholrehab.com, n.d)
Mypreconceived notions about alcoholism
Imake assumptions that alcoholics are lazy people who hate working andswim to alcohol for comfort. I associate with welfare programs tomeet their basic needs. These notions might affect my analysisbecause they affect my impartiality in evaluating the problem. Theycan also narrow my perspectives, which greatly affect my analysis ofthis social problem.
Applicationof sociological theory to limit my biases
Sociologicaltheory assists in the statement of how and why particular facts aboutthe social world are related thus eliminating bias. I will usesociological theory to offer a concise description in analysis andinterpretation of alcoholism. Applying the sociological theory ofintegration will improve my analysis in understanding relationshipbetween humans and society. The theory provides a comprehensiveunderstanding of social behavior by providing insights onperceptions, believe, cultural norms and values that yield a betterunderstanding of society concerning patterns of behavior in humaninterruptions.
Preparationfor the Letter of Intent
Asthe selected sociologists I have decided to write my letter to theDepartment of Health and Human Service in the USA. The departmentmission is to enhance and protect the health and well-being of allAmericans. The department will assist me with the required funds andfacilitate my interaction in various institutions to gather therequired accurate information. The department will also assist me toimplement the possible successful solution acquired from the researchto curb the social problem of alcoholism
Analysisof alcoholism as a social problem is relevant for today`s society.Through the analysis of the failed and successful attempts at solvingalcoholism, a society can identify areas that need improvement tocurb the issue. The analysis of this issue will also assist inreinforcing successful attempts. In my local communities alcoholismpresents itself through a high rate of divorces, crime and moraldecadence. The men are constantly attacked and mugged by thugs whenwalking home late at night and those who drink and drive end up carcrashes due to impaired judgments.
Themost influential social variables are peer influence andpsychological factors. Peer influence and the expectation of alcoholresult to an initiation of alcoholism and drinking rates amongteenagers (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, n.d).Associating with deviant friends promotes the acceptance of deviantand maladaptive behaviors (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse andAlcoholism, n.d). Psychologically, Individuals resolve to drink inresponse to antecedents stimuli such as bad moods, anger, socialanxiety or physical pain that are part of being human. (NationalInstitute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, n.d)
Impactson the global scale
Theproblem of alcoholism presents itself as a global issue via the casesof reported deaths that are alcohol related. They occur through theeffect of excess alcohol dependence on the health of the user.Alcohol-related liver disease (ARLD), include hepatitis and livercirrhosis. Accidents caused by drunk drivers have also left innocentpeople dead as a consequence of impaired judgment that affectsconcentration on the road (Flynn & Wells, 2015). Crime alsopresents itself globally as a result of terms of rape inclusive ofmarital rape. In Kenya as an example, the problem of alcoholism isprevalent among the young men frustrated by unemployment.
Existenceof alcoholism locally and globally
Alcoholismmanifests itself locally and globally on different scopes. Theeffects are mostly similar in the two aspects, but the rate of theextent of alcoholism differs significantly. Locally, the number ofpeople involved in this problem is lesser compared to the huge numberglobally. The type of alcohol abused also differs in matters of typeand quality where local people have high cases of binge drinking.Sociologically people engage in alcoholism for different purposes andthus the differences in manifestations.
Asan issue of global concern, alcoholism is a sensitive social problemthat tremendously affects the family units and teenagers in manystates. As a result, many states have embraced this as a criticalproblem and have taken up some significant steps to solve theproblem. These include global organizations that have taken tosensitize people against his vice compared to local scopes. Somestates have embraced this as a sociological obligation to influencealcoholics and manufacturers and their impacts on the society.
Sociologicallythe problems are different in a global and local level as a result ofdiffering opinions and different degrees in their definition of thisproblem. Different nations have their definition of morality aboutalcoholism as a social problem. Applying the integration theory ofsociology, presents differing foundations on human behavior and theirimpacts on society.
Inresponding to the social issue of alcoholism, the increase ofmedication and counseling is a potential solution that can yield topositive research. Providing sufficient information will also impactpositively to eliminate the problem of ignorance among the alcoholicsand influence their perspective on the same. This solution is likelyto be a success because there exists evidence of its past success(Sandra, 2005).This approach will be an improvement of the existingattempts but incorporating it with medication will make it efficientto foster recovery.
Alcoholrehab.com,(n.d). Addictionstereotypes.Web. Retrieved Fromhttp://alcoholrehab.com/addiction-articles/addiction-stereotypes/
Flynn,A., & Wells, S. (2015).Community indicators: Assessing the impactof alcohol use on communities. AlcoholResearch: Current Review, 35(2).Internet resource. Retrieved Fromhttp://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arcr352/135-149.htm
NationalAlcoholism Center, (n.d). NewHampshire (NH) Alcoholism Treatment Center. Web.Retrieved Fromhttp://www.alcoholalcoholism.org/states/new-hampshire-nh-alcoholism-treatment-centers
NationalInstitute on Alcohol Abuse & Alcoholism, (n.d). Module2: Etiology and natural history of alcoholism.Web.Retrieved Fromhttp://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/Social/Module2Etiology&NaturalHistory/Module2.html
Levy,S. (2005). Counseling and meds: New approach for alcoholism.Drug Topics, 149(19):19-21.