The debate on the basis upon which abortion should be legalized hasbeen ongoing for many years. Whereas there are people who believethat abortion should not be allowed under whatever circumstance,there are others who point out to some basis for legalizing abortion.Some of the arguments which have been brought forward as reasons forlegalizing abortion include but are not limited to lack of ability tosupport the child, medical grounds, unwanted pregnancy and pregnancycomplication such as miscarriages (Alvarez & Brehm, 2013). It isessential to critically analyze these arguments and evaluate whetherthey constitute sufficient reasons for legalizing abortion.
It is inappropriate to legalize abortion on the basis of the parentlacking the ability to support the child. Whereas it is worth notingthat the cost of bringing up a child is huge, this is not a probablereason for legalizing abortion. This is because there are otheralternatives that are available if the parent lacks the ability tosupport the child (Pilpel & Norwick, 2011). One of thealternatives is finding a parents or families who can adopt thechild. It is evident that there are numerous couples in the UnitedStates who are interested in adopting children and bringing them upas their own. Additionally, the law allows adoption in the UnitedStates. Couples who are gay for instance, are continuously adoptingchildren since they cannot biologically produce their own children.Another alternative would be giving out the child to children’shome. Majority of children’s homes in America are run bynongovernmental organizations that are always willing to supportchildren born of poor parents (Pilpel & Norwick, 2011). The lawin America allows parents to give birth and place babies in a placethat they are sure a caregiver will come across them. This includesplaces like churches or hospitals. Therefore, it is clear thatabortion cannot be legalized on the basis of lack of ability tosupport the child.
When it comes to the issue of pregnancy complications, it is worthnoting that this involves the health of the mother, as well as thatof the unborn child. Health caregivers have the responsibility to trytheir best to preserve the pregnancy. Sometimes the pregnancycomplications come in the form of unfortunate miscarriages which arehard to prevent. In instances where a pregnancy complication poses adanger to the life of the mother, abortion should indeed be legalized(Keown, 2012). It is, however, essential to ensure that there aredesignated and qualified medical personnel who are tasked withdetermining whether a pregnancy complication indeed poses a threat tothe life of the mother. It is worth noting that there is apossibility of people abusing this legal provision and conductabortions even when there is no threat posed to the life of themother. It is, therefore, essential to ensure that the approval ofthe abortion is done by qualified health care givers (Schwarz &Latimer, 2012).
There have been numerous debates over whether abortions should belegalized on the basis of unwanted pregnancies. Proponents ofabortion legalization on the grounds of unintended or unplannedpregnancies point to the health impacts that such births will have.There is a high likelihood for premature births resulting fromunplanned pregnancies (Keown, 2012). Research has indicated thatchildren who are born out of unintended pregnancies end up havingboth physical and mental health effects. Additionally, it is arguedthat the unplanned pregnancies, which constitute 50% of all Americanpregnancies results in social and economic problems (Keown, 2012).Most American couples are planning to have only two children who areappropriately spaced. This is due to various social and economicneeds. Another argument that is brought forth by proponents of thisreason as ground for legalizing abortion is that teens are mostlyaffected and may not be a position to take care of the child (Schwarz& Latimer, 2012). This is because majority of the teenagers arein school.
With regard to the issue of unwanted children in a marriage, this isnot a reason for legalizing abortion. Research will indicate thatthere are numerous family planning methods and it is theresponsibility of every family to plan the size of their family(Garfield & Hennessey, 2010). With regard to the economic issueof caring of caring for unwanted children, there are other optionssuch as adopting the child or giving out to a children’s home asmentioned above. Teenagers who get pregnant while schooling shouldnot be given a legal provision to abort as this would encourageirresponsible sexual behaviors (Pilpel & Norwick, 2011).
Some of the unwanted pregnancies are as a result of rape. It isworth noting that rape is a traumatizing occurrence and women maywish to terminate pregnancies resulting from rape. A child who isborn of a rape case will be a constant reminder to the mother of theevent which is traumatizing. Additionally, it is worth noting thatthe mother might not develop any love for the child (Alvarez &Brehm, 2013). Therefore, it would be prudent to legalize abortion onthe basis of an unwanted child who is as a result of rape. However,if the mother accepts to keep the child, the law should not compelsuch a mother to conduct an abortion.
Alvarez, R. M., & Brehm, J. (2013). Hard choices, easyanswers: Values, information, and American publicopinion. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Garfield, J. L., & Hennessey, P. (2010). , moraland legal perspectives. Amherst: University of MassachusettsPress.
Keown, J. (2012). , doctors and the law: Some aspectsof the legal regulation of abortion in England from1803 to 1982. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pilpel, H. F., & Norwick, K. P. (2011). When shouldabortion be legal? New York: Public Affairs Committee.
Schwarz, S. D., & Latimer, K. (2012). Understandingabortion: From mixed feelings to rational thought.Lanham: Lexington Books.